Buff-breasted Flycatcher

Empidonax fulvifrons

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4

BBFL

Code 6

EMPFUL

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Buff-breasted Flycatcher has a breeding range of around 500,000 square kilomters that includes pine forests in a small area of southern Arizona, highland areas in Mexico, and highland areas in northern Central America. This small flycatcher species has an estimated breeding population of 2,000,000, and a conservation rating of Least Concern.

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SUMMARY

Overview

Buff-breasted Flycatcher: Smallest Empidonax flycatcher; fresh adult has gray-brown upperparts and pale underparts washed with yellow and cinnamon. White eyering is distinct; two wingbars are white. Short bill with black upper mandible and yellow to pink lower mandible. Legs and feet are gray-black.


Range and Habitat North America

Buff-breasted Flycatcher: This species is a resident through much of Mexico. During breeding season, they wander as far north as central Arizona and western Texas. During winter, some individuals move to lower elevations. Their preferred habitats include open, pine-oak woodlands in mountain regions.


Range and Habitat Hawaii


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • Before 1999 this species had not been documented in Texas.
  • The Buff-breasted Flycatcher is the smallest, rarest, and most easily recognizable member of the genus Empidonax in the United States.
  • A group of flycatchers has many collective nouns, including an "outfield", "swatting", "zapper", and "zipper" of flycatchers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Buff-breasted Flycatcher A1

  • Title: Buff-breasted Flycatcher A1
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song is a "chee-lick" or "chee-lick-you".
  • Location: AZ
  • Date: "07/18/2016"

Buff-breasted Flycatcher A2

  • Title: Buff-breasted Flycatcher A2
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Rapid twittering "quit-quit-quir-r-r" alarm calls.
  • Location: AZ
  • Date: "07/18/2016"

Buff-breasted Flycatcher A3

  • Title: Buff-breasted Flycatcher A3
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Dawn song.
  • Location: AZ
  • Date: "07/18/2016"

Buff-breasted Flycatcher C2

  • Title: Buff-breasted Flycatcher C2
  • Recordist: Paul Marvin
  • Description: "Chee-lick" calls.
  • Location: AZ
  • Date: "07/18/2016"

Buff-breasted Flycatcher C3

  • Title: Buff-breasted Flycatcher C3
  • Recordist: Paul Marvin
  • Description: Repeated "pit" calls, commonly given in the winter.
  • Location: AZ
  • Date: "07/18/2016"

Voice Text

"pit", "chee-lick", "chee-lick-chou"

Vocalization

Buff-breasted Flycatcher: Soft "pit" call. Song is "chee-lick" or "chee-lick-chou."

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Upper mandibleX
The upper part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X