Japanese White-eye

Zosterops japonicus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

White-eyes (Zosteropidae)

Code 4

JAWE

Code 6

ZOSJAP

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

PHOTOS 1200

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Japanese White-eye has a very large range, estimated globally at between one million and ten million square kilometers. It is primarily found in Asia, though it has been introduced to the United States. It is found on all the main islands of Hawaii. This bird prefers ecological systems of Temperate, Subtropical or Tropical Forests, although it has been known to reside in urban areas and rural gardens. The population of the bird has not been determined but is estimated to be quite large, as the bird is listed as common in many areas where it resides. The Japanese White-eye does not currently meet the criteria for the IUCN Red List and has an evaluation level of Least Concern.

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SUMMARY

Overview

Japanese White-eye: This small active songbird has an olive-green head, neck and back. Wings and upper tail feathers are blackish-brown outlined with green. It has a yellow throat, gray breast and flanks with a buff wash, white belly and eye ring, black bill, legs and feet. It feeds mostly on insects and nectar. Undulates, actively flits and swoops among foliage. Sexes similar, female is duller.


Range and Habitat North America

Japanese White-eye: Native to Japan. Found all over Japan, including Okinawa. Introduced to O'ahu in 1929 for pest control. Most abundant bird in Hawaii and is found on all islands. Habitats include trees and shrubs in towns, parks, forests, and rainforests from sea level to tree line, and even in mangroves in the south.


Range and Habitat Hawaii

Japanese White-eye: Native to east Asia, including Japan, China, Vietnam, Taiwan, and the Philippines. Introduced to Oahu in 1929 and expanded to every island in Hawaii. Its range expanded quickly and it is now abundant and widespread on all main islands in wet forests, deciduous forests, and suburban areas from sea level to the tree line.


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Japanese White-eye is the most common bird in the Hawaiian Islands.
  • It was introduced to Hawaii as a means of pest control in 1929.
  • This bird has become a carrier of avian parasites that contribute to the decline of native species.
  • A group of white-eyes are collectively known as a "spectacle" and a "ring" of white-eyes.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Japanese White-eye E1

  • Title: Japanese White-eye E1
  • Recordist: Xeno-Canto, Frank Lambert
  • Description: Rapid "tseet tseet" calls from a pair.
  • Location: jp
  • Date: "August 4, 2014"

Japanese White-eye E2

  • Title: Japanese White-eye E2
  • Recordist: Xeno-Canto, Frank Lambert
  • Description: Calls from a small flock.
  • Location: jp
  • Date: "August 4, 2014"

Japanese White-eye E3

  • Title: Japanese White-eye E3
  • Recordist: Xeno-Canto, Frank Lambert
  • Description: Song is a warbled twitter.
  • Location: jp
  • Date: "August 4, 2014"

David Kuhn Sound

Japanese White-eye 1

  • Title: Japanese White-eye 1
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Downslurred "tseet" calls.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "6/16/2014"

Similar Sounding Hawaii David Kuhn

House Finch 2

  • Title: House Finch 2
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Song is a series of warbling notes ending in a "zeee".
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "6/16/2014"

Voice Text

"Tseet, tseet"

Vocalization

Japanese White-eye: Song is a warbling twitter and call is a high "tseet", sometimes mimics the songs of other birds.

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Crystal Adams

Artist

Yury Lisyak

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X