Red Avadavat

Amandava amandava




Estrildid Finches (Estrildidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Breeding Type:


Egg Color:


Number of Eggs:

4 - 7

Incubation Days:

11 - 14

Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

In a shrub or bush.

Nest Material:

Grass and coconut fibers.





Red Avadavat: Bright red during breeding season; wings are brown and tail is black. White spots cover body; black lores; white crescent below each eye; red bill. Out of season male is similar to female; brown upperparts, dark wings, red rump and yellow-buff underparts. Some white spots scattered overall. As female enters breeding season, chest may show some yellow-orange, tail feathers may have more black. Juveniles have a black beak that turns red as they age; gray-brown above, buff-white below. Wings have two pale wing bars.

Range and Habitat

Red Avadavat: Breeds in the Indian Subcontinent in the Monsoon season. Common in marshy areas and fallow fields on Oahu, Kauai, Hawaii, and Maui. This was a popular caged bird that escaped as early as the 1900's. Found primarily on the flat plains, mainly in places with tall grasses or crops often near water.

Breeding and Nesting

Red Avadavat: Four to seven white eggs are laid in a spherical nest constructed of grasses; coconut fibers and feathers may be used for lining. Both parents incubates eggs for 11-14 days, chicks fledge at 20 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Red Avadavat: These birds feed mainly on grass seeds, but will also take insects such as termites when they are available. Their favorite foods are fruit flies, ant pupae, small, freshly molted meal worms and sprouted seeds. They forage on the ground, in open marshy fields or in fallow fields. They are known mainly as ground feeders.


Red Avadavat: Song is twittering and flute-like. Call is a soft "jeet".

Similar Species

Red Avadavat: Apapane, Iiwi, and Hawaii Akepa have dark eyes, and longer, slimmer, decurved bills.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Also called the breast area, it is the frontal area on the body containing the breastplate and major flight muscles.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X