Yellow-billed Cardinal

Paroaria capitata

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Code 4

YBCA

Code 6

PARCAP

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Yellow-billed Cardinal has a large range, estimated globally at 1,200,000 square kilometers. It is primarily found in the United States, Brazil, Bolivia, Uruguay and Paraguay. This bird prefers shrubland and wetland ecological systems, though it can reside in heavily degraded former forests. The population of the bird has not been determined but the species is described as common in many areas The Yellow-billed Cardinal does not currently meet the criteria for the IUCN Red List and has an evaluation level of Least Concern.

VOTE: ILLUSTRATION

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SUMMARY

Overview

Yellow-billed Cardinal: Native to South America, this bird has a bright red head, black upperparts, an incomplete white collar that nearly meets at back of neck, white underparts, black chin and throat, a yellow bill, and brown-pink legs and feet. Female has gray upperparts, white underparts, and brown head. Feeds on seeds and insects. Undulating flight.


Range and Habitat North America

Yellow-billed Cardinal: Introduced to the island of Hawaii, where they are commonly found along the Kona Coast. Native to Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, and Argentina. They are usually found in shrubs and open areas near marshes, lakes, and rivers. They are also found on the edges of woodlands and forests.


Range and Habitat Hawaii

Yellow-billed Cardinal: Introduced to the island of Hawaii where they are commonly found along the Kona Coast. Native to Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, and Argentina. They are usually found in shrubs and open areas near marshes, lakes, rivers, and along the edges of woodlands and forests. Breeds in moist shrubland.


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • Despite its name it is not closely related to birds in the Cardinal family.
  • The Yellow-billed Cardinal was first described in 1837 by French naturalist Orbigny and French ornithologist Lafresnaye.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Yellow-billed Cardinal A1

  • Title: Yellow-billed Cardinal A1
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song consists of 2-3 repeated notes, "twee-weet-twee".
  • Location: br
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Voice Text

"Wheet-cheer-up", "Squeek"

Vocalization

Yellow-billed Cardinal: Call is a single, squeaky note. Song is a soft "wheet-cheer-up".

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
CollarX
Similar to the upper part of the human neck, located at the back of the crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X