Kauai Amakihi

Chlorodrepanis stejnegeri

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

KAAM

Code 6

HEMKAU

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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Copyright © 2018 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable

The Kauai Amakihi is restricted to the island of Kauai in the state of Hawaii. It is only found in wet ohia and mixed ohia-koa forests above 2,000 feet in elevation in the Alakai Wilderness Preserve and Kokee State Park. This Hawaiian Honeycreeper species gleans insects off of vegetation and extracts them from the bark of trees. It also takes nectar from various flowers. The Kauai Amakihi is believed to have a population of 50,000-99,000 individuals and is given a conservation rating of Vulnerable by the IUCN. It is threatened by introduced predators such as cats and rats, habitat degradation by invasive plants and introduced ungulates, avian malaria and habitat destruction by hurricanes.

VOTE: ILLUSTRATION

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SUMMARY

Overview

Kauai Amakihi: This small honeycreeper is olive-green above and pale yellow to creamy gray below. Brown lores, pale yellow supercilium, chin and throat, and gray wings and tail. Gray decurved bill, legs and feet. Feeds on insects and nectar. Strong and direct flight in canopy, may undulate over long distances. Sexes are similar. One of the least specialized and most adaptable Hawaiian species.


Range and Habitat North America

Kaua'i Amakihi: Endemic to Kauai. They may be found in ohia and mixed ohia-koa forests, but typically prefer elevations above 2000'. They also occur in the Alaka’i Wilderness Preserve and Koke’e State Park, and there is also an isolated population in the Makaleha Mountains. Usually found among the treetops in forests at elevations above 600 meters.


Range and Habitat Hawaii

Kauai Amakihi: Endemic to Kauai. Found in ohia and mixed ohia-koa forests, typically above 2,000 feet in elevation. Found from sea level to the subalpine zone primarily in native forests. Kokee State Park, Alakai Wilderness Preserve, and the Makaleha Mountains are some places this bird occurs.


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Kauai Amakihi has the longest bill and is the largest surviving species of amakihi.
  • They were once considered a subspecies of the Common Amakihi but are endemic to Kauai and are now considered a full species.
  • A group of honeycreepers are collectively known as a "hive" of honeycreepers.
  • The Hawaiian name Amakihi is derived from the word kihi or kihikihi, meaning curved.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Kauai Amakihi U1

  • Title: Kauai Amakihi U1
  • Recordist: Ross Gallardy
  • Description: Song is a flat trill, sometimes the first note is higher.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "October 26, 2017"

Kauai Amakihi U2

  • Title: Kauai Amakihi U2
  • Recordist: Ross Gallardy
  • Description: Squeaky "tsweet" call.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "October 26, 2017"

Kauai Amakihi U3

  • Title: Kauai Amakihi U3
  • Recordist: Ross Gallardy
  • Description: High-pitched "seet" calls.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "October 26, 2017"

Voice Text

"Chee, twee-twee-twee", "tseet", "chip"

Vocalization

Kauai Amakihi: Song is a variable flat trill, sounds like a quickly repeated "chee". Call is a buzzy "tseet" and a squeaky "chip".

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Chris Vest

.
ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
SuperciliumX
Also called the superciliary, it is the arch of feathers over the eye.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X