Kauai Elepaio

Chasiempis sclateri

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Monarch-flycatchers (Monarchidae)

Code 4

KAEL

Code 6

CHASAN

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable

The Kauai Elepaio is only found on the Hawaiian island of Kauai. It is most common in wet ohia forests above 2,000 feet in elevation and less commonly occurs in drier and more open habitats. This Hawaiian endemic bird feeds on invertebrates by gleaning them from vegetation and catching them in flight. It is rarely found outside of the Alakai Wilderness Preserve and Kokee State Park. The Kauai Amakihi is believed to have a population of 20,000 to 49,999 individuals and has been given a conservation rating of Vulnerable by the IUCN. It is threatened by introduced species, avian malaria and habitat destruction caused by hurricanes.

VOTE: ILLUSTRATION

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SUMMARY

Overview

Kauai Elepaio: This small monarch flycatcher has dark gray-brown to light gray crown and back, white to light gray underparts with light orange-brown wash on upper breast. Lores, eyebrows and throat are white mixed with cinnamon. White wing bars, rump, a white-tipped brown tail, black bill and dark gray legs and feet. Feeds on insects and spiders. Flight is rapid and direct. Sexes are similar.


Range and Habitat North America

Kauai Elepaio: Endemic to Kauai. Prefers dense, wet ohia forests above 2,000', however most individuals may be found at elevations above 3,600'. They are uncommon in the dry forests of Waimea Canyon and the Na Pali Coast. Much of their population is found on the Alaka'i Plateau and Koke'e State Park.


Range and Habitat Hawaii

Kauai Elepaio: This species is endemic to Kauai. Prefers dense, wet forests above 2,000 feet, but most individuals are found at elevations above 3,600 feet. They are uncommon in the dry forests of Waimea Canyon and the NaPali Coast; much of their population is found on the Alakai Plateau and Kokee State Park.


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Elepaio was named by the ancient Hawaiians after the sound of its song.
  • It is the first native bird to sing in the morning. Its song was thought to warn night spirits that dawn was approaching and their work must end.
  • A group of flycatchers has many collective nouns, including an "outfield", "swatting", "zapper", and "zipper" of flycatchers.
  • It is considered the guardian spirit of canoe makers, who noticed that Koa trees frequented by these birds often harbored large insect populations that would make them unsuited for use as a canoe.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

David Kuhn Sound

Kauai Elepaio 2

  • Title: Kauai Elepaio 2
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Juvenile begging calls.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "6/16/2014"

Kauai Elepaio 5

  • Title: Kauai Elepaio 5
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: "Whee-oo" alarm calls and scolding calls.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "6/16/2014"

Kauai Elepaio D1

  • Title: Kauai Elepaio D1
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Various calls
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Kauai Elepaio D4

  • Title: Kauai Elepaio D4
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Scold call is a sharp "chit-chit".
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Kauai Elepaio D3

  • Title: Kauai Elepaio D3
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Song is a whistled "ele-PAI-o".
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Similar Sounding Hawaii David Kuhn

Hawaii Elepaio 5

  • Title: Hawaii Elepaio 5
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Song is a whistled "ele-PAI-o".
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "6/16/2014"

Voice Text

"El-e-pai-o", "chit-chit", "whee-oo"

Vocalization

Kauai Elepaio: A loud whistled "el-e-pai-o" song, chattering contact calls, and "chit-chit" or "whee-oo" alarm calls.

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X