Akekee

Loxops caeruleirostris

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

AKEK

Code 6

LOXCAE

ITIS

Breeding Type:

Monogamous



Egg Color:

Unknown



Number of Eggs:

1 - 2



Incubation Days:

12



Egg Incubator:

Unknown



Nest Location:

In crown of the ohia tree.



Nest Material:

Moss, lichen, grass, and bark strips.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Akekee: Small mostly olive songbird with yellow crown, cheeks, throat, underparts and rump and small triangular black face mask. Sharp blue-gray, conical bill has slightly decurved culmen with crossed, or slightly offset, curved mandibles and a light blue tip. Tail is long and notched and black legs. Female is slightly duller than male. Juveniles have mostly dull gray plumage with green tones on the upperparts and buff or cream underparts. Coverts are dark brown and face is gray but has no mask.

Breeding and Nesting

Akekee: They build open-cup nests high in the terminal crowns of ohia trees. They create their nests using materials such as twigs, mosses, lichen and soft bark strips. The female constructs the nest, but both male and female have been observed working together. Little is known about the size of their clutch, but in the only nest where egg-laying was observed the two eggs were laid one day apart.

Foraging and Feeding

Akekee: These birds feed most extensively on spiders, psyllids and caterpillars. They use a specialized bill to pry open the leaves and flower buds of the Ohia tree in search of insects and small arthropods. Their tongue is similar to that of their nectarivorous relatives, and this species appears to take nectar on rare occasions.

Vocalization

Akekee: Fast, high-pitched trill that changes pitch and tempo halfway through the song. Their call is a loud ringing "peek!" or "sweet!" Advertising call is a series of energetic trills that vary and change pitch and speed; also have a whisper song.

Similar Species

Akekee: Kauai Amakihi has a white underbelly and vent and a more sharply downcurved bill.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
CulmenX
The uppermost central ridge of the upper mandible.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X