African Silverbill

Euodice cantans

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Estrildid Finches (Estrildidae)

Code 4

AFSI

Code 6

EUOCAN

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

PHOTOS 1200

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The African Silverbill is a small Estrildid finch that occurs in savannahs and other open habitats across a wide area of the Sahel, central-eastern Africa, and the southern Arabian peninsula, and has also been introduced to most of the large Hawaiian islands. It forages for seeds and occasional small creatures in open, grassy areas. This species is common in many parts of its extensive range and has been given a conservation rating of Least Concern by the IUCN.

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SUMMARY

Overview

African Silverbill: This small pale tan songbird has finely vermiculated buff-brown upperparts, white underparts and dark wings. It is paler on the belly and vent and has a stout, pale gray conical bill and a pale gray eye ring. It feeds mainly on seeds. It has an undulating flight. The sexes look similar.


Range and Habitat North America


Range and Habitat Hawaii

African Silverbill: Endemic to southern regions of the African Sahara, this species is a resident on most of the large islands of Hawaii. Its preferred habitats include lowland savannah, arid grasslands, and some cultivated areas. While it is primarily a lowland species, it may be found at elevations up to 6,500 feet above sea level.


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • A group of finches has many collective nouns, including a "charm", "company", and "trembling" of finches.
  • Formerly considered conspecific with the Indian Silverbill, protein electrophoresis in 1985 confirmed the genetic differences of the two species.
  • The African Silverbill was first described by German naturalist Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1789.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

David Kuhn Sound

African Silverbill D1

  • Title: African Silverbill D1
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Quiet "ter-wheer" song and metallic chip notes.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Voice Text

"Tseep", "Tsiptsip"

Vocalization

African Silverbill: Song is a rapid series of trilling notes that rise and then fall. Male's call is a loud sharp" tseep"; female utters a double "tsiptsip".

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X