Akikiki

Oreomystis bairdi

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

AKIK

Code 6

OREBAI

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

PHOTOS 1200

CONSERVATION STATUS

Critically Endangered

The Akikiki is a small Hawaiian Honeycreeper endemic to the Hawaiian island of Kauai. It occurs in wet forest between 1,000 and 1,600 meters and is rarely found outside of the Sincock Bog in the Alakai Wilderness Preserve. It forages for small invertebrates by picking them off the bark and leaves of ohia trees. The Akikiki population is believed to number anywhere from 530 to 1,300 individuals and is threatened by avian diseases and introduced species that degrade habitat, compete with Akikikis and prey upon them. This species has been given a conservation rating of Critically Endangered.

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BIRDS AND BIRDING

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PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Akikiki: This is a small songbird with dark gray upperparts, paler brownish gray underparts and white on the breast and throat. It has a short pointed, pink bill and pink legs and feet. It forages by hopping along tree trunks to find food such as arthropods. It has an undulating flight. The sexes are similar.


Range and Habitat North America


Range and Habitat Hawaii

Akikiki: This species is a resident in native, wet forests between 3,200 feet and 5,200 feet on the island of Kauai. It is currently found only in the highest elevation native rain forests of Kokee State Park and the Alakai Wilderness Preserve on Kauai. While its current range is extremely limited, fossil records indicate that this species formerly occurred at sea level as well.


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • A group of honeycreepers are collectively known as a "hive" of honeycreepers.
  • Hawaiian Air has a Boeing 717-22A airliner named "Akikiki."
  • The Akikiki is also called the Kauai Creeper due to its behavior when foraging.
  • The population has declined more than 64% since 1970.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

David Kuhn Sound

Akikiki D1

  • Title: Akikiki D1
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Call is a short repeated "sweet".
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Akikiki D2

  • Title: Akikiki D2
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Juvenile begging calls are short, staccato notes.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Akikiki D3

  • Title: Akikiki D3
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Song is a trill that descends in pitch.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Similar Sounding Hawaii David Kuhn

Akekee 3

  • Title: Akekee 3
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Song is a high trill that goes down in pitch.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "6/16/2014"

Anianiau 3

  • Title: Anianiau 3
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Song is a trilled, repeated "wee-see".
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "6/16/2014"

Kauai Amakihi 2

  • Title: Kauai Amakihi 2
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Song is a flat trill, sometimes the first note is higher.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "6/16/2014"

Voice Text

"Sweet sweet, suwheet, suwheet, suwheet!"

Vocalization

Akikiki: Short series of loud ringing notes. Their most distinct call is a quiet, up slurred "tsweet" or "chwit". Juveniles emit a series of sharp notes, "chi-di-dit chi-dit chit-chi-dit." Advertising song consists of six to eight note trills.

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X