Anianiau

Magumma parva

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

ANIA

Code 6

MAGPAR

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable

The Anianiau is a small Hawaiian Honeycreeper endemic to the Hawaiian island of Kauai. It occurs in mesic and wet forests situated above 600 meters in elevation and forages for nectar and small invertebrates in ohia and other native tree species. The population of the Anianiau is thought to number 44,400 individuals and has been given a conservation rating of Vulnerable. The biggest threats faced by the Anianiau are habitat degradation and introduced species.

VOTE: ILLUSTRATION

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SUMMARY

Overview

Anianiau: This is a very small songbird with yellow or green-yellow plumage and yellow edging on the feathers, wings and tail. They have beige legs and feet and a beige, slightly decurved bill. As well as eating arthropods, these honeycreepers drink nectar from flowers. Males are brighter in color than females. They have an undulating flight.


Range and Habitat North America


Range and Habitat Hawaii

Anianiau: Introduced, resident species found in native mesic and wet forests above 2000 feet in elevation on the island of Kauai. Native of widespread in savanna country, arid landscape with thorn bush, and grasslands with acacias or dry grassland. It may also be found in cultivated areas.


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • A group of honeycreepers are collectively known as a "hive" of honeycreepers.
  • It was first discovered on the 1830s, then not seen again for another 50 years.
  • The Anianiau, also known as the Lesser Amakihi, is the smallest species of Hawaiian Honeycreeper.
  • This bird is found in only 15% of its former range.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Anianiau U1

  • Title: Anianiau U1
  • Recordist: Ross Gallardy
  • Description: Call is a whistled "to-wheet".
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "October 24, 2017"

Anianiau U2

  • Title: Anianiau U2
  • Recordist: Ross Gallardy
  • Description: Typical calls.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "October 24, 2017"

Anianiau U3

  • Title: Anianiau U3
  • Recordist: Ross Gallardy
  • Description: Calls given while feeding.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "October 24, 2017"

Anianiau U4

  • Title: Anianiau U4
  • Recordist: Ross Gallardy
  • Description: Song is a trilled, repeated "wee-see".
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "October 24, 2017"

Similar Sounding Hawaii David Kuhn

Kauai Amakihi 2

  • Title: Kauai Amakihi 2
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Song is a flat trill, sometimes the first note is higher.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "6/16/2014"

Voice Text

"Wisee, wisee, wisee, wisee."

Vocalization

Anianiau: A double or triple noted up slurred trill "tew-weet" or "see-u-weet." Advertising song consists of lively, sweet trills that are repeated and vary, "weesity-weesity-weesity", "see-twee-see-twee-see-twee" or "weesee-weesee-weesee."

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

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Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X