Chestnut Munia

Lonchura atricapilla

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Estrildid Finches (Estrildidae)

Code 4

CHMU

Code 6

LONATR

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

PHOTOS 1200

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Chestnut Munia is a small Estrildid finch that occurs in India, Sri Lanka, and much of southeastern Asia. It has also been successfully introduced to the southeastern Hawaiian Islands. This species forages for grass seeds in grasslands, marshes and weedy fields. It is believed to have a large, stable population and has been given a conservation rating of Least Concern by the IUCN.

VOTE: ILLUSTRATION

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SUMMARY

Overview

Chestnut Munia: This is a small, mostly uniform chestnut colored estrildid finch with a black head and upper breast. It has a large conical bill and blue-gray legs and feet. It feeds mainly on seeds, usually in relatively open habitats, preferring to feed on the ground. It has an undulating flight. The sexes are similar.


Range and Habitat North America


Range and Habitat Hawaii

Chestnut Munia: Resident on several southeastern Hawaiian Islands. This estrildid finch is a resident breeding bird in Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Burma, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam and Hawaii. Its preferred habitats include open grasslands and cultivated areas.


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • A group of mannikins has many collective nouns, including a "display" and "storefont" of mannikins.
  • It used to be the national bird of the Philippines until this honor was given to the Philippine Eagle.
  • It was once considered conspecific with the Tricolored Munia.
  • The Chestnut Munia is also known as the Black-headed Munia and Black-headed Nun.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Chestnut Munia E1

  • Title: Chestnut Munia E1
  • Recordist: Frank Lambert
  • Description: Typical calls.
  • Location: ph
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Chestnut Munia H1

  • Title: Chestnut Munia H1
  • Recordist: Mike Nelson
  • Description: High-pitched "peet" calls.
  • Location: my
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Chestnut Munia I1

  • Title: Chestnut Munia I1
  • Recordist: David Farrow
  • Description: Call is a clear "pee" or "peet."
  • Location: id
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Voice Text

"Meeeuuuw, sir, sir, sir"

Vocalization

Chestnut Munia: Call is a clear "pee" or "peet." Contact call is a loud "pink! pink!". Female's call is higher pitched. Song is a series of soft clicks, followed by "weee." It ends with a series of very quiet slurred notes, also described as bill-snaps.

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

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BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X