Hawaii Creeper

Loxops mana




Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Breeding Type:


Egg Color:

No data

Number of Eggs:

1 - 3

Incubation Days:

14 - 16

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

In cavity, or fork of ohia tree.

Nest Material:

Fibers, animal hair, ferns, and moss.





Hawaii Creeper: Small songbird with olive-green upperparts, olive-yellow underparts; undertail coverts have pale shading.  Side of head and diffused supercilium olive-yellow, mask from base of bill to behind eye dark gray, white throat, dark brown iris; short tail; buff-gray, conical bill with slightly decurved tip. Sexes similar. Juvenile similar but pale, more gray above, nearly white below; white, diffused supercilium; dark mask more narrow; first-year resembles adult, but paler below, has narrower mask and more defined supercilium.

Breeding and Nesting

Hawaii Creeper: Breeding is between April and July. The female constructs the nest in a tree cavity or on an open branch. One to three eggs are laid in a cup nest made of ferns, animal hair and moss that is placed in a tree cavity or in the fork of an ohia tree. The female incubates the eggs for 13 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Hawaii Creeper: These birds are primarily insectivorous. They feed on spiders, spider eggs, insects, insect larvae and insect eggs. They forage primarily on large or medium-size branches, and less often on trunks, twigs and leaves. They also forage for grubs and other small creatures in the bark of Koa and Ohia trees.


Hawaii Creeper: Song is descending, rattling trill. Call a quiet "sweet". Whisper song includes short notes, song fragments, and mimicry of other birds, including the Elepaio. Juveniles emit a series of "whit-whit, whi-whi-whit, whit-whit" notes.

Similar Species

Hawaii Creeper: Female and juvenile Hawaii Amakihi lack pale throat, and have more narrow, decurved, darker bill.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Also called the superciliary, it is the arch of feathers over the eye.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X