Japanese Bush-Warbler

Horornis diphonedue

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Bush Warblers, Tesias and Allies (Cettidae)

Code 4

JABW

Code 6

CETDIP

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Japanese Bush-Warbler is a small bush warbler that occurs in Japan, the Korean peninsula, Manchuria, Taiwan and southeastern China. It has also been introduced to the Hawaiian island of Oahu and is spreading to other Hawaiian Islands. It forages for small insects and spiders in low, scrubby vegetation and is common on the island of Oahu and in most parts of its natural range. This species has been given a conservation rating of Least Concern by the IUCN.

VOTE: ILLUSTRATION

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SUMMARY

Overview

Japanese Bush-Warbler: This small songbird has gray-brown upperparts, rufous-brown on the wings and tail, a tan-gray eyebrow, a black-gray line through the eye and gray underparts. It has tan on the bill and legs, short wings, and a long tail. It feeds actively on insects. It has a short, direct flight with bursts of rapid wing beats. The genders are the same color, but the male is larger.


Range and Habitat North America


Range and Habitat Hawaii

Japanese Bush-Warbler: Frequents scrubby vegetation and forest edge on Oahu and is becoming established on most of the Hawaiian Islands. Common resident from Japan to the northern Philippines, found also in Korea, China, and Taiwan. Preferred habitats include bamboo thickets and black pine trees from low hills to high mountains.


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • A group of warblers has many collective nouns, including a "bouquet", "confusion", "fall", and "wrench" of warblers.
  • In Japan, the song of this species is viewed as a sign of spring.
  • The droppings of the Japanese Bush-Warbler are the main component in a skin cream that has been used by Geishas and Kibuki actors for hundreds of years.
  • This species is often referred to as the Japanese Nightingale due to its pleasant song and plain plumage.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Japanese Bush-Warbler E1

  • Title: Japanese Bush-Warbler E1
  • Recordist: Frank Lambert
  • Description: Whistled song phrases.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "October 26, 2017"

Japanese Bush-Warbler E2

  • Title: Japanese Bush-Warbler E2
  • Recordist: Frank Lambert
  • Description: Warbled trill ending with "teele-ee" notes.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "October 26, 2017"

Japanese Bush-Warbler E3

  • Title: Japanese Bush-Warbler E3
  • Recordist: Frank Lambert
  • Description: Typical song is flute-like whistles followed by 3 short notes.
  • Location: jp
  • Date: "October 26, 2017"

Voice Text

"Ho, ho, ho, ho, hew, chirup!"

Vocalization

Japanese Bush-Warbler: Song is a pleasant series of five or six fast notes that go up in scale, including “hot-ket-kyot”, “pe-chew, pe-chew, pe-chew” and a short series of loud whistles, “koo-goo-oo-oo-ook” and “tulee-tulee”. Call is a dry “tchet tchet tchet”, hard “chat-chat” or short, rattling “trrt”.

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
EyebrowX
Also called the supercilicum or superciliary it is the arch of feathers over each eye.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X