Puaiohi

Myadestes palmeri

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Thrushes (Turdidae)

Code 4

PUAI

Code 6

MYAPAL

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Critically Endangered

The Puaiohi is a small thrush endemic to the island of Kauai. It occurs in ravines in wet forest above 1,100 meters and is restricted to the Alakai Wilderness Preserve. It forages for fruits from native plant species and a few introduced species and takes some invertebrates, especially during the breeding season. The population is thought to number anywhere between 200 and 400 individuals and has been given a conservation rating of Critically Endangered. The Puaiohi is threatened by habitat degradation caused by feral pigs and introduced plants, competition with introduced species, and avian diseases.

VOTE: ILLUSTRATION

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SUMMARY

Overview

Puaiohi: This small thrush has brown-gray upperparts, a white eye ring, black malar stripe, and gray underparts with white on the throat, belly, and vent. It is of medium length, has a black bill, pink legs and feet, and a rather short, rounded tail. It feeds on fruit and invertebrates such as insects and snails. It has a direct flight. The sexes are similar.


Range and Habitat North America


Range and Habitat Hawaii

Puaiohi: This species is a permanent resident endemic only to the island of Kauai, where it occurs along streams, swamps, and valleys in native, wet montane forests and mesic forests with koa and ohia found more than 3,600 feet above sea level. They are restricted to the central and southern regions of the Alakai Wilderness Preserve.


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • A group of thrushes are collectively known as a "hermitage" and a "mutation" of thrushes.
  • Formerly common, the critically endangered Puaiohi is presently restricted to just 20 square kilometers of native forest on Kauai.
  • The Puaiohi formerly shared the island of Kauai with the Kamao, another Hawaiian thrush that went extinct in 1989.
  • The Puaiohi is also known as the Small Kauai Thrush.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

David Kuhn Sound

Puaiohi D1

  • Title: Puaiohi D1
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Call is a raspy "zweet".
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Puaiohi D2

  • Title: Puaiohi D2
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Juvenile begging calls and adult calls.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Puaiohi D3

  • Title: Puaiohi D3
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Song is a high-pitched whistled and trill "pu-ah-OH-EE-hi".
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Voice Text

"Cheeer-uh-chuur-ip!"

Vocalization

Puaiohi: Male's song is a series of unvarying phrases; short sneezy bursts of high pitched, squeaky hissing notes, "puaiohi” given at low intensity when not breeding. Whisper song is a low intensity version. Calls include a repeated short raspy hiss and a low throaty growl, in alarm.

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
Malar stripeX
Also called whisker, mustache or malar streak, it is the area below the eye and bill on the sides of the chin that stretches downwards.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X