Winter Wren

Troglodytes hiemalis

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Wrens (Troglodytidae)

Code 4

WIWR

Code 6

TROHIE

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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Copyright © 2004 - 2014 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

PHOTOS 1200

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Winter Wren has a very large range reaching up to roughly 5.43 million square kilometers. This bird has an enormous amount of coverage including all of North America, most of Europe and Northern Africa, parts of the Middle East and extensive portions of Asia. It also is known to have a vagrant population in Kuwait. This bird prefers temperate forests and shrublands and is also found in rural gardens and even in many urban areas. The global population of this bird is estimated to be around 36 million individual birds. The global population of this species has not been accurately quantified, but it is not believed to approach thresholds for population decline. Due to this, population trends for the Winter Wren have a present evaluation level of Least Concern.

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BIRDS AND BIRDING

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

SUMMARY

Overview

Winter Wren: Tiny wren with barred, dark brown upperparts and pale eyebrows. Brown underparts heavily barred on flanks, belly, and undertail. Tail is short. Bill is dark brown. Legs and feet are brown. Only member of the wren family found outside the Americas, occuring in Europe, Asia, and Africa.


Range and Habitat North America

Winter Wren: Breeds in coniferous forests from British Columbia east to Newfoundland, and south to New England and the Great Lakes region. Winters are spent across the eastern half of the United States, south to the Gulf Coast. May be seen in the west in the Fall and Winter. Prefers dense thickets and brush.


Range and Habitat Hawaii

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Winter Wren was first described in 1758 by Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist.
  • Per unit weight, this bird delivers its song with 10 times more power than a crowing rooster.
  • The scientific name is taken from the Greek word "troglodytes" (from "trogle" a hole, and "dyein" to creep), meaning "cave-dweller", and refers to its habit of disappearing into cavities or crevices while hunting spiders or to roost.
  • A group of wrens has many collective nouns, including a "chime", "flight", "flock", and "herd" of wrens.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

If displayed, the purpose of this map is to show how this species is distributed in North America.

Range Map for Winter Wren HD

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

If displayed, the purpose of this map is to show how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island chains.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Lang Elliott Sound

Winter Wren 1

  • Title: Winter Wren 1
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Typical song consisting of sweet whistled tones and twitters and trills.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

Typical song consisting of sweet whistled tones and twitters and trills.

Winter Wren 2

  • Title: Winter Wren 2
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Variation of typical song.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

Variation of typical song.

Winter Wren 3

  • Title: Winter Wren 3
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: "Check-chek-chek" call.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

"Check-chek-chek" call.

Winter Wren 4

  • Title: Winter Wren 4
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: "Kilp" call.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

"Kilp" call.

Voice Text

"chirrr", "tik-tik-tik", "kit-kit"

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X