Northern Pygmy-Owl

Glaucidium gnoma

Order

STRIGIFORMES

Family

Barn Owls and Typical Owls (Tytonidae and Strigidae)

Code 4

NOPO

Code 6

GLAGNO

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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Copyright © 2004 - 2014 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

PHOTOS 1200

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Northern Pygmy-Owl has a large range, encompassing Guatemala, Honduras, Canada, the United States, and Mexico. This bird prefers subtropical or tropical forest ecosystems as well as dry savannas and permanent freshwater lakes. The global population of this bird is unknown, as it was not recognized by the IUCN until recently, but does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Northern Pygmy-Owl is Least Concern.

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SUMMARY

Overview

Northern Pygmy-Owl: Small owl, upperparts and sides range from brown to white-spotted gray-brown or gray. White underparts have brown stripes. Head is brown or gray with white spots; no ear tufts. Yellow eyes have white eyebrows. White-bordered black spots on back of head resemble a pair of eyes.


Range and Habitat North America

Northern Pygmy-Owl: This species is a resident along the Pacific coast from extreme southern Alaska south to Central America. It is also found along the Rocky Mountains from Idaho south to central Mexico. Its preferred habitats include open coniferous and mixed forests, open fields, wetlands, and logged areas.


Range and Habitat Hawaii

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Northern Pygmy-Owl has also been called Pygmy Owl, Rocky Mountain Pygmy Owl, Vancouver Pygmy Owl, California Pygmy Owl, and Dwarf Owl.
  • They can carry prey weighing more than twice their own weight. They often eat only the brains of birds and the soft abdomen of insects.
  • Unlike other North American owls, they begin incubation only after their clutch is complete, so the young tend to hatch over a period of 1 to 2 days, rather than one every 1 to 2 days.
  • A group of owls has many collective nouns, including a "bazaar", "glaring", "parliament", "stooping", and "wisdom" of owls.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

If displayed, the purpose of this map is to show how this species is distributed in North America.

Range Map for Northern Pygmy-Owl HD

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

If displayed, the purpose of this map is to show how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island chains.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Lang Elliott Sound

Northern Pygmy-Owl 1

  • Title: Northern Pygmy-Owl 1
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Toot song is a whistled, repetitive "too-too-too-too-too".
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: UT

Toot song is a whistled, repetitive "too-too-too-too-too".

Northern Pygmy-Owl 2

  • Title: Northern Pygmy-Owl 2
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Toot song.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: UT

Toot song.

Northern Pygmy-Owl 3

  • Title: Northern Pygmy-Owl 3
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Double-noted toot song variation.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: AZ

Double-noted toot song variation.

Similar Sounding Lang

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl 1

  • Title: Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl 1
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Song is a rapid, monotonous, and repeated hooting.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: AZ

Song is a rapid, monotonous, and repeated hooting.

Voice Text

"too-too too"

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Chris Vest

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X