Common Teal

Anas crecca

Order

ANSERIFORMES

Family

Ducks, Geese and Swans (Anatidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

ANACRE

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Common Teal has a very large range with breeding grounds in much of northern Europe, Iceland, and northern and central Asia east to Japan. It winters in southern Europe, northern and eastern Africa, parts of the Middle East, and southern Asia. Some authorities consider the Green-winged Teal of North America to be con-specific with the Common Teal. This small duck breeds on lakes, ponds, and rivers in forested areas and winters on shallow bays and lakes. The Common Teal is believed to have a population large enough to not warrant its inclusion on the IUCN Red List and is therefore evaluated as Least Concern.

VOTE: ILLUSTRATION

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SUMMARY

Overview

Common Teal: This small dabbling duck has pale, gray-barred sides and a buff spotted breast. Lacks the white bar down the side that the Green-winged Teal has in North America. The head is chestnut-brown with a green ear patch, the bill is dark gray, and the legs and feet are olive-gray. The speculum is flashy green bordered with brown above and white below. Diet includes seeds, insects and grasses. Flight is often low and erratic.


Range and Habitat North America


Range and Habitat Hawaii


Range and Habitat Palau

Common Teal: Breeds throughout much of Canada, northern and central Europe, and Asia. Migrates to parts of the United States, Mexico, southern Europe, Africa, the Middle East, India, southeast Asia and east to the Korean Peninsula and Japan. Occurs year-round from Iceland to the Caspian Sea. Eurasian subspecies are casual migrants to Palau. Preferred habitats include marshes, ponds, and estuaries.

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • A group of teal has many collective nouns, including a "coil", "dopping", "knob", "paddling", and "spring" of teal.
  • It was considered conspecific with the Common Teal for some time, and the issue is still being reviewed by the American Ornithologists' Union.
  • The American and Eurasian forms of the Green-winged Teal were formerly considered different species.
  • This is the smallest North American dabbling duck.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Common Teal I1

  • Title: Common Teal I1
  • Recordist: David Farrow
  • Description: Whistled calls from a small group of males.
  • Location: uk
  • Date: "June 30, 2015"

Common Teal L1

  • Title: Common Teal L1
  • Recordist: Jarek Matusiak
  • Description: Male gives high-pitched whistles during displays.
  • Location: pl
  • Date: "June 30, 2015"

Common Teal L2

  • Title: Common Teal L2
  • Recordist: Jarek Matusiak
  • Description: Male whistles and female quacks.
  • Location: pl
  • Date: "June 30, 2015"

Common Teal L3

  • Title: Common Teal L3
  • Recordist: Jarek Matusiak
  • Description: Chatttering notes from a female.
  • Location: pl
  • Date: "June 30, 2015"

Common Teal P2

  • Title: Common Teal P2
  • Recordist: Patrik Aberg
  • Description: High-pitched calls from a juvenile.
  • Location: se
  • Date: "June 30, 2015"

Common Teal P3

  • Title: Common Teal P3
  • Recordist: Patrik Aberg
  • Description: Repeated "tutt" calls of a female and high-pitched whistles from six juveniles.
  • Location: se
  • Date: "June 30, 2015"

Common Teal P1

  • Title: Common Teal P1
  • Recordist: Patrik Aberg
  • Description: Short quacks from a female.
  • Location: se
  • Date: "June 30, 2015"

Voice Text

"KRICK-et", "prip, prip", "quack"

Vocalization

Common Teal: Male emits melodious whistling, described as "prip-prip" or "KRICK-et" as well as burp calls. Females produce shorter, harsh "quack" calls.

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Ear patchX
Consists of soft, loose-webbed feathers on the side of the bird's head below and behind the eyes.
SpeculumX
The brightly colored area on the wing (secondaries of the wing) on several duck species.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X