Townsend's Warbler

Setophaga townsendi

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4

TOWA

Code 6

SETTOW

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Townsend's Warbler has a large range, estimated globally at 1,400,000 square kilometers. Native to the Americas, this bird prefers subtropical, temperate, or tropical forest ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 12,000,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of Townsend's Warbler is Least Concern.

VOTE: ILLUSTRATION

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SUMMARY

Overview

Townsend's Warbler: Medium wood-warbler with black-streaked olive upperparts and yellow flanks; lower breast is yellow, belly and undertail coverts are white; dark wings have two white wing bars; crown, cheek patch, and throat are black, the rest of the head and undereye crescent are yellow. Female is similar but paler, has a yellow throat, and head and face markings are dark olive, not black. Immature resembles female but duller with fainter streaking. Flight is direct on rapid wing beats. Gleans, hovers, and hawks for insects and spiders. In 2011, the American Ornithological Society moved all Dendroica species, including the Townsend's Warbler, into the Setophaga genus after genetic studies showed they share a common ancestor with the American Redstart (S. ruticilla)."


Range and Habitat North America

Townsend's Warbler: Breeds from southern Alaska and British Columbia to northern Oregon, Idaho, and Montana. Spends winters along the Pacific coast states from Oregon to the Baja Peninsula and inland areas of central Mexico. Preferred habitats include coniferous forests, especially old stands of Douglas firs.


Range and Habitat Hawaii


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • The male Townsend's Warbler begins to sing before it leaves its wintering grounds.
  • They are closely related to the Hermit Warbler, and the two species interbreed where their ranges overlap.
  • This bird was named after the American ornithologist, John Kirk Townsend.
  • A group of warblers has many collective nouns, including a "bouquet", "confusion", "fall", and "wrench" of warblers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Townsend's Warbler A1

  • Title: Townsend's Warbler A1
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song is a variable "weezy weezy weezy "weeZEE".
  • Location: WA
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Townsend's Warbler A2

  • Title: Townsend's Warbler A2
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Call is a repeated "chip".
  • Location: WA
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Similar Sounding Xeno-Canto

Black-throated Gray Warbler Z2

  • Title: Black-throated Gray Warbler Z2
  • Recordist: Micah Riegner
  • Description: Squeaky "buzz see buzz see buzz see wheeo" song variation.
  • Location: AZ
  • Date: "07/18/2016"

Hermit Warbler A3

  • Title: Hermit Warbler A3
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: First category song is "che-che-che-che" followed by a descending "cheeo".
  • Location: OR
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Similar Sounding Lang

Hermit Warbler 1

  • Title: Hermit Warbler 1
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Second category song, "zeegle zeegle zeegle" followed by "zee-o-seet" ending phrase.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: CA

Voice Text

"zwee-zwee-zwee", "tew", "eek", "whee"

Vocalization

Townsend's Warbler: Song is a high, wheezy "zwee zwee zwee zwee sweezit", rising in pitch then dropping at the end, although the pattern is quite variable.

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X