Nuttall's Woodpecker

Dryobates nuttallii

Order

PICIFORMES

Family

Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Code 4

NUWO

Code 6

PIDNUT

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Nuttall's Woodpecker has a moderate range reaching up to roughly 180,000 square kilometers. This bird can be found in Mexico and the United States, and it prefers a varied habitat. It appears within forested areas, subtropical regions and also resides in urban environments as well. The global population of this bird is estimated to be around 100-200,000 individual birds. Currently, it is not believed that the population trends for this bird will soon approach the minimum levels that could suggest a potential decline in population. Due to this, population trends for the Nuttall’s Woodpecker have a present evaluation level of Least Concern.

VOTE: ILLUSTRATION

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SUMMARY

Overview

Nuttall's Woodpecker: Small woodpecker with black-and-white barred back, wings, and outer tail. Underparts are white with spotted sides and barred flanks. Face is black-and-white with white nasal bristles above bill. Rear crown patch is small and red. Bill is short and black. Legs and feet are gray.


Range and Habitat North America

Nuttall's Woodpecker: Year round range from west of the southern Cascade Mountains, and in the Sierra Nevada from southern Oregon to northern Baja California, Mexico. Occurs in oak woodlands, live oak forests, and chaparral, and in canyons with sycamores, alders, cottonwoods, and bay trees growing along streams lined with live oaks.


Range and Habitat Hawaii


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Nuttall's Woodpecker was named after naturalist Thomas Nuttall.
  • Its limited range, low density, and close association with oak woodlands and riparian zones make it vulnerable to development that encroaches on its habitat.
  • When foraging, males tend to work on the trunk and larger branches, while females use the smaller branches.
  • A group of woodpeckers has many collective nouns, including a "descent", "drumming", and "gatling" of woodpeckers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Nuttall's Woodpecker B1

  • Title: Nuttall's Woodpecker B1
  • Recordist: Richard E Webster
  • Description: Drumming followed by rattle calls given in flight.
  • Location: mx
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Nuttall's Woodpecker C1

  • Title: Nuttall's Woodpecker C1
  • Recordist: Paul Marvin
  • Description: Double or "pitit" calls are used for contact or mild alarm calls.
  • Location: CA
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Nuttall's Woodpecker C2

  • Title: Nuttall's Woodpecker C2
  • Recordist: Paul Marvin
  • Description: Calls given in flight.
  • Location: CA
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Nuttall's Woodpecker C3

  • Title: Nuttall's Woodpecker C3
  • Recordist: Paul Marvin
  • Description: Series of mostly single "pit" calls, typically used as location calls.
  • Location: CA
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Nuttall's Woodpecker C4

  • Title: Nuttall's Woodpecker C4
  • Recordist: Paul Marvin
  • Description: Rattle calls may be used for contact, feeding, and territorial calls.
  • Location: CA
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Voice Text

"prreep", "pit-it"

Vocalization

Nuttall's Woodpecker: Makes a rolling call of "prreep" or a sharp "pit-it."

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X