Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Pheucticus ludovicianus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Cardinals, Piranga Tanagers and Allies (Cardinalidae)

Code 4

RBGR

Code 6

PHELUD

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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Copyright © 2004 - 2014 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

PHOTOS 1200

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Rose-breasted Grosbeak is a member of the cardinal family, and reaches a length of 19 cm in adulthood. Its preferred breeding habitat includes open, deciduous woodlands in Canada and the eastern United States. Northern populations will migrate in winter months to southern Mexico and Central America, including Peru and Venezuela. This species is rarely found in Western Europe as well. These birds forage for food in shrubs and trees, and diets consist of insects, seeds and berries. Some insects are also caught in-flight. The conservation status of the Rose-breasted Grosbeak is currently Least Concern.

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SUMMARY

Overview

Rose-breasted Grosbeak: Large finch, black head, back, bright red breast, and white rump, sides, belly. The wings are black with white patches above and red, white, black below. Long, slightly notched black tail with white patches. Female has brown streaked upperparts, buff streaked underparts and yellow wing linings. Eats seeds, caterpillars, insects, tree flowers, fruits and berries.


Range and Habitat North America

Rose-breasted Grosbeak: Breeds from northeastern British Columbia, Manitoba, and Nova Scotia to southern Alberta, North Dakota, Oklahoma, and New Jersey, and as far south as northern Georgia; regular visitor on the west coast and winters from central into northern South America. Preferred habitats include moist woodlands, open fields and old, overgrown orchards.


Range and Habitat Hawaii

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Rose-breasted Grosbeak will mate with the Black-headed Grosbeak where the population densities of both species are low.
  • The name “grosbeak” is from the French word grosbec and means “large beak.”
  • Unlike most songbird species, the female is known to sing.
  • A group of grosbeaks are collectively known as a "gross" of grosbeaks.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

If displayed, the purpose of this map is to show how this species is distributed across North America.

Range Map for Rose-breasted Grosbeak HD

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Lang Elliott Sound

Rose-breasted Grosbeak 1

  • Title: Rose-breasted Grosbeak 1
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Warbling robin-like song.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: IL

Rose-breasted Grosbeak 2

  • Title: Rose-breasted Grosbeak 2
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: "Chink" calls and various songs.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

Rose-breasted Grosbeak 4

  • Title: Rose-breasted Grosbeak 4
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: "Chink" calls.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

Rose-breasted Grosbeak 5

  • Title: Rose-breasted Grosbeak 5
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: "Teeyoo" calls.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

Rose-breasted Grosbeak 6

  • Title: Rose-breasted Grosbeak 6
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: "Turlee" calls.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

Rose-breasted Grosbeak 7

  • Title: Rose-breasted Grosbeak 7
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: "Weep" calls.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

Similar Sounding Lang

Black-headed Grosbeak 1

  • Title: Black-headed Grosbeak 1
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: A warbled song of rising and falling notes.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: CA

Voice Text

"eek-eek"

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X