Dusky Flycatcher

Empidonax oberholseri

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4

DUFL

Code 6

EMPOBE

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Dusky Flycatcher has a large range, estimated globally at 2,700,000 square kilometers. It is native to the nations of North America and Guatemala and prefers temperate, tropical, or subtropical forest and shrubland ecosystems,. The global population of this bird is 3,600,000 individuals and it does not appear to meet population size or decline criteria that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. The current evaluation status of the Dusky Flycatcher is Least Concern.

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SUMMARY

Overview

Dusky Flycatcher: Small flycatcher with olive-gray upperparts and white or yellow tinged underparts. The upper breast has a pale olive wash. Eye has faint eye-ring. Bill is black except for orange base of lower mandible. The legs and feet are black. Weak fluttering flight with shallow wing beats.


Range and Habitat North America

Dusky Flycatcher: Breeds from British Columbia and western South Dakota south to southern California, central Arizona, and northern New Mexico. Spends winters south of the U.S.-Mexico border, and in southern Arizona and Texas. Preferred habitats include woodlands containing tall trees and tall undergrowth, mountain chaparral, and open, brushy coniferous forests.


Range and Habitat Hawaii


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • The scientific name of the Dusky Flycatcher commemorates the American ornithologist Harry Church Oberholser.
  • A group of flycatchers has many collective nouns, including an "outfield", "swatting", "zapper", and "zipper" of flycatchers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Dusky Flycatcher A1

  • Title: Dusky Flycatcher A1
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song is a mix of "prr-it", "prrdrrrt", and "pseet" notes.
  • Location: CO
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Dusky Flycatcher A2

  • Title: Dusky Flycatcher A2
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: "Whit" location calls and "dee-hick" calls.
  • Location: CO
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Dusky Flycatcher A3

  • Title: Dusky Flycatcher A3
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: "Dee-hick" calls are given throughout the breeding season.
  • Location: CO
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Dusky Flycatcher B2

  • Title: Dusky Flycatcher B2
  • Recordist: Richard E Webster
  • Description: Evening song consisting of "dee-hick" phrases.
  • Location: CA
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Dusky Flycatcher B3

  • Title: Dusky Flycatcher B3
  • Recordist: Richard E Webster
  • Description: "Whit" calls from a migrant.
  • Location: AZ
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Similar Sounding Xeno-Canto

Gray Flycatcher A2

  • Title: Gray Flycatcher A2
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song is a repeated "chuwip" or "chibit".
  • Location: CO
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Hammond's Flycatcher A3

  • Title: Hammond's Flycatcher A3
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song is a dry "sweep-tseep-seep".
  • Location: CO
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Similar Sounding Lang

Gray Flycatcher 1

  • Title: Gray Flycatcher 1
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Song is a repeated "chuwip" or chibit".
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: CA

Hammond's Flycatcher 1

  • Title: Hammond's Flycatcher 1
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Song is a "seweep-tseep-seep".
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: WA

Voice Text

"dee-hick", "sill-it, "grrreeep", "pweet", "whit"

Vocalization

Dusky Flycatcher: Song is a variety of melancholy notes.

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X