Hammond's Flycatcher

Empidonax hammondii

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4

HAFL

Code 6

EMPHAM

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

PHOTOS 1200

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Hammond's Flycatcher has a large range, estimated globally at 2,800,000 square kilometers. Native to North America, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador, this bird prefers forest and shrubland ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 13,000,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of Hammond's Flycatcher is Least Concern.

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SUMMARY

Overview

Hammond's Flycatcher: Small flycatcher, gray upperparts, gray-brown underparts, white eye-ring. Throat is pale gray, belly is pale yellow. Wings are dark with two pale bars. Feeds on insects. Black legs and feet. Weak fluttering direct flight with shallow wing beats. Sallies to take insects in air.


Range and Habitat North America

Hammond's Flycatcher: Breeds from eastern Alaska south through western Canada to northern California and northern New Mexico. Spends winters in the tropics from Mexico south and rarely winters in Arizona and extreme southwest Texas. Preferred habitats include mature conifer forests at high altitudes.


Range and Habitat Hawaii


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Hammond's Flycatcher looks very similar to Gray and Dusky flycatchers; all three species overlap in range, but differ in voice and habitat.
  • The name of this bird commemorates William Alexander Hammond.
  • Early in the breeding season males fight so vigorously defending their territories that they often become locked together in midair.
  • A group of flycatchers has many collective nouns, including an "outfield", "swatting", "zapper", and "zipper" of flycatchers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Hammond's Flycatcher A1

  • Title: Hammond's Flycatcher A1
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: "K-leer whee-zee" calls are usually given by males during the breeding season.
  • Location: CO
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Hammond's Flycatcher A2

  • Title: Hammond's Flycatcher A2
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Various calls, including "pip" and twittering aggressive calls.
  • Location: CO
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Hammond's Flycatcher A3

  • Title: Hammond's Flycatcher A3
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song is a dry "sweep-tseep-seep".
  • Location: CO
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Hammond's Flycatcher E1

  • Title: Hammond's Flycatcher E1
  • Recordist: Frank Lambert
  • Description: Alarm call is a sharp "peep".
  • Location: mx
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Similar Sounding Xeno-Canto

Dusky Flycatcher A1

  • Title: Dusky Flycatcher A1
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song is a mix of "prr-it", "prrdrrrt", and "pseet" notes.
  • Location: CO
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Gray Flycatcher A2

  • Title: Gray Flycatcher A2
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song is a repeated "chuwip" or "chibit".
  • Location: CO
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Similar Sounding Lang

Dusky Flycatcher 1

  • Title: Dusky Flycatcher 1
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Song is a mix of "prr-it", "prrdrrrt" and "pseet" notes.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: UT

Gray Flycatcher 1

  • Title: Gray Flycatcher 1
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Song is a repeated "chuwip" or chibit".
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: CA

Voice Text

"seweep-tsurp-seep", "peep", "wit"

Vocalization

Hammond's Flycatcher: Song is "seweep-tsurp-seep", with the last part rising. Call is a high "peep" or soft "wit."

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Kavita Jhunjhunwala

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X