Willow Flycatcher

Empidonax traillii

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4

WIFL

Code 6

EMPTRA

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

PHOTOS 1200

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Willow Flycatcher has a considerable global range reaching up to generally 7.3 million square kilometers. This bird can be found throughout the Caribbean, North America and Central America including Belize, Canada, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, and the United States. It also has a vagrant population in Jamaica. This species appears in an array of environments including forests, shrublands, inland wetlands and even pastureland. The global population of this bird is estimated to be around 3.3 million individuals. Currently, it is not believed that the population trends for this species will soon approach the minimum levels that could suggest a potential decline in population. Due to this, population trends for the Willow Flycatcher have a present evaluation level of Least Concern.

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BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Willow Flycatcher: Small flycatcher, brown-olive upperparts, white throat contrasting with paler breast, white to pale yellow belly and faint white eye ring. Dark wings with two white bars. Feeds on insects, spiders, berries. Weak fluttering flight with shallow rapid wing beats.


Range and Habitat North America

Willow Flycatcher: Breeds from southern British Columbia east to southern Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec, south to central California, Nevada, the southwest, Arkansas, and North Carolina. Spends winters in the tropics. Preferred habitats include swampy thickets, upland pastures, and old abandoned orchards; also occurs along wooded lakeshores and streams.


Range and Habitat Hawaii


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Willow Flycatcher was first described in 1828 by American ornithologist John James Audubon.
  • At one time, this bird and the Alder Flycatcher were considered to be a single species, Traill's Flycatcher.
  • The species name commemorates the Scottish zoologist Thomas Stewart Traill.
  • A group of flycatchers has many collective nouns, including an "outfield", "swatting", "zapper", and "zipper" of flycatchers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Willow Flycatcher A1

  • Title: Willow Flycatcher A1
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Call is a repeated "whit".
  • Location: CO
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Willow Flycatcher A2

  • Title: Willow Flycatcher A2
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song is a buzzy "fitz-bee".
  • Location: NH
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Lang Elliott Sound

Willow Flycatcher 1

  • Title: Willow Flycatcher 1
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Song variation.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

Willow Flycatcher 2

  • Title: Willow Flycatcher 2
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Song is a buzzy "fee-bee-oh".
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: WY

Willow Flycatcher 4

  • Title: Willow Flycatcher 4
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Call variations.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

Similar Sounding Xeno-Canto

Alder Flycatcher A2

  • Title: Alder Flycatcher A2
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song is a series of descending "fee-BEER" notes.
  • Location: NH
  • Date: "7/18/2016"

Similar Sounding Lang

Alder Flycatcher 1

  • Title: Alder Flycatcher 1
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Song is a descending, buzzing "fee-BEER" or a rapid "wee-BEE".
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

Voice Text

"fitz-bew", "fritz-be-yew"

Vocalization

Willow Flycatcher: Call is a wheezy "fitz-bew" or "pit-speer." Song is a burry "fee-bee-o", descending more abruptly in pitch.

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X