Baltimore Oriole

Icterus galbula

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Code 4

BAOR

Code 6

ICTGAL

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

PHOTOS 1200

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Baltimore Oriole has a range of nearly 5 million square kilometers and a population of around 6 million individual birds. This bird breeds in a variety of forest habitats in much of Canada and the United States east of the Rockies, and winters in Florida and the Caribbean, Mexico, Central America, and parts of northern South America. Due to the extensive size of the range and population of the Baltimore Oriole, it has been given an IUCN Conservation Rating of Least Concern.

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SUMMARY

Overview

Baltimore Oriole: Small oriole, mostly bright orange with black hood and back. Wings are black with orange shoulder patches and strongly white-edged feathers that appear as bars. Black base, center form T-shaped mark on orange tail. Strong swift and direct flight on rapid wing beats.


Range and Habitat North America

Baltimore Oriole: Breeds from eastern British Columbia and southern Nova Scotia south through eastern Texas, the Mississippi River Valley, and Virginia. Spends winters in Florida, along the southern Atlantic coast, southern Mexico, and the West Indies. Preferred habitats include open woods and shade trees.


Range and Habitat Hawaii


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Baltimore Oriole received its name from the fact that the male's colors resembled those on the coat of arms of Lord Baltimore.
  • It is the state bird of Maryland. The Baltimore Orioles, an American League baseball team in Baltimore, Maryland, were named after this bird.
  • Their range overlaps with that of the similar Bullock's Oriole in the Midwest, and the two species are sometimes considered to be conspecific under the name Northern Oriole because they form fertile hybrids.
  • A group of orioles are collectively known as a "pitch" and a "split" of orioles.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Baltimore Oriole A1

  • Title: Baltimore Oriole A1
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song is a short series of paired flute-like whistles.
  • Location: VA
  • Date: "7/18/2016"

Baltimore Oriole A2

  • Title: Baltimore Oriole A2
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Series of descending whistled calls.
  • Location: VA
  • Date: "7/18/2016"

Baltimore Oriole A3

  • Title: Baltimore Oriole A3
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Chatter calls and song notes from two males.
  • Location: VA
  • Date: "7/18/2016"

Similar Sounding Xeno-Canto

Orchard Oriole UU1

  • Title: Orchard Oriole UU1
  • Recordist: Russ Wigh
  • Description: Song is a series of whistled musical notes and phrases, may include harsh chatter.
  • Location: GA
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Voice Text

"hew-li"

Vocalization

Baltimore Oriole: Song is flutelike, a low "hew-li."

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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ShoulderX
The short feathers overlying the median secondary coverts on the top of the wing. They are located near the back and can be seen as the “first row” of feathers on the birds wing. They are also called marginal coverts and lesser secondary coverts.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X