Baltimore Oriole

Icterus galbula

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Code 4

BAOR

Code 6

ICTGAL

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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Copyright © 2004 - 2014 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

PHOTOS 1200

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Baltimore Oriole has a range of nearly 5 million square kilometers and a population of around 6 million individual birds. This bird is native to numerous countries throughout the world and has been spotted in many others. Due to the extensive size of both the range as well as the population of the Baltimore Oriole, it is not thought that this species will face population danger in the near future. The Baltimore Oriole has a current rating of Least Concern due to its population and range.

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BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

SUMMARY

Overview

Baltimore Oriole: Small oriole, mostly bright orange with black hood and back. Wings are black with orange shoulder patches and strongly white-edged feathers that appear as bars. Black base, center form T-shaped mark on orange tail. Strong swift and direct flight on rapid wing beats.


Range and Habitat North America

Baltimore Oriole: Breeds from eastern British Columbia and southern Nova Scotia south through eastern Texas, the Mississippi River Valley, and Virginia. Spends winters in Florida, along the southern Atlantic coast, southern Mexico, and the West Indies. Preferred habitats include open woods and shade trees.


Range and Habitat Hawaii

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Baltimore Oriole received its name from the fact that the male's colors resembled those on the coat of arms of Lord Baltimore.
  • It is the state bird of Maryland. The Baltimore Orioles, an American League baseball team in Baltimore, Maryland, were named after this bird.
  • Their range overlaps with that of the similar Bullock's Oriole in the Midwest, and the two species are sometimes considered to be conspecific under the name Northern Oriole because they form fertile hybrids.
  • A group of orioles are collectively known as a "pitch" and a "split" of orioles.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

If displayed, the purpose of this map is to show how this species is distributed in North America.

Range Map for Baltimore Oriole HD

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

If displayed, the purpose of this map is to show how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island chains.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Lang Elliott Sound

Baltimore Oriole 1

  • Title: Baltimore Oriole 1
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Song is a short series of paired flute-like whistles.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

Song is a short series of paired flute-like whistles.

Baltimore Oriole 2

  • Title: Baltimore Oriole 2
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Song variation.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

Song variation.

Baltimore Oriole 6

  • Title: Baltimore Oriole 6
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Chattering calls and harsh song.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: KY

Chattering calls and harsh song.

Baltimore Oriole 8

  • Title: Baltimore Oriole 8
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Two note calls and simple whistles.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

Two note calls and simple whistles.

Baltimore Oriole 9

  • Title: Baltimore Oriole 9
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Encounter calls.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

Encounter calls.

Baltimore Oriole 11

  • Title: Baltimore Oriole 11
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Fledgling nasal begging calls.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

Fledgling nasal begging calls.

Voice Text

"hew-li"

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
ShoulderX
The short feathers overlying the median secondary coverts on the top of the wing. They are located near the back and can be seen as the “first row” of feathers on the birds wing. They are also called marginal coverts and lesser secondary coverts.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X