Scarlet Tanager

Piranga olivacea

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Cardinals & Piranga Tanagers (Cardinalidae)

Code 4

SCTA

Code 6

PIROLI

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Scarlet Tanager has a large range, estimated globally at 2,600,000 square kilometers. Native to the Americas and nearby island nations, this bird prefers temperate, subtropical, or tropical forest ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 2,200,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Scarlet Tanager is Least Concern.

VOTE: ILLUSTRATION

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SUMMARY

Overview

Scarlet Tanager: Medium tanager with brilliant red body, black wings, tail. The only bird in North America with this unique plumage. Heavy bill is yellow-gray. Gray legs and feet. Winter male has dull green upperparts, yellow-green underparts, often interspersed with red during molt.


Range and Habitat North America

Scarlet Tanager: Breeds from extreme south-central to southeastern Canada to east-central U.S. across central Arkansas to North Carolina. Can be seen further south during migration. Spends winters in northwestern South American tropical forests. Found in deciduous forests, pine-oak woodlands, parks, and suburban areas with large trees.


Range and Habitat Hawaii


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • Scarlet Tanagers have been recorded eating over 2,000 gypsy moth caterpillars in an hour.
  • The song of the Scarlet Tanager has been compared to that of a “robin with a sore throat.”
  • They become noisy and swoop around most birds who prey on them, such as Blue Jays and Eastern Screech owls, however they remain still and quiet around Merlins and American Crows.
  • A group of tanagers are collectively known as a "season" of tanagers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Scarlet Tanager A1

  • Title: Scarlet Tanager A1
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song is a series of high and low-pitched whistles.
  • Location: AR
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Scarlet Tanager C1

  • Title: Scarlet Tanager C1
  • Recordist: Paul Marvin
  • Description: "Chick-burr" and "chick" calls.
  • Location: MN
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Lang Elliott Sound

Scarlet Tanager 1

  • Title: Scarlet Tanager 1
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Song
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

Scarlet Tanager 3

  • Title: Scarlet Tanager 3
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Dawn song.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

Scarlet Tanager 7

  • Title: Scarlet Tanager 7
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: "Sweet" sounds.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: KY

Similar Sounding Xeno-Canto

Rose-breasted Grosbeak H1

  • Title: Rose-breasted Grosbeak H1
  • Recordist: Mike Nelson
  • Description: Song is a series of rising and falling melodious phrases.
  • Location: NC
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Similar Sounding Lang

Rose-breasted Grosbeak 1

  • Title: Rose-breasted Grosbeak 1
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Warbling robin-like song.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: IL

Voice Text

"querit, queer, query, querit, queer", "chip-churr"

Vocalization

Scarlet Tanager: Song is a series of short phrases alternately high and low in pitch "querit, queer, query, querit, queer." Call is "chip-churr", with the first note higher in pitch.

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X