Eastern Wood-Pewee

Contopus virens

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4

EAWP

Code 6

CONVIR

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

PHOTOS 1200

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Eastern Wood-Pewee has a large range, estimated globally at 4,100,000 square kilometers. It is native to the nations of North America as well as Central America and parts of South America and prefers forest and shrubland ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated to be 6,000,000 individuals and it does not appear to meet population decline criteria that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. The current evaluation status of the Eastern Wood-Pewee is Least Concern.

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SUMMARY

Overview

Eastern Wood-Pewee: Small flycatcher, gray-olive upperparts, pale gray underparts. Bill is dark except for yellow base of lower mandible. Wings are dark with two white bars. Black legs, feet. Feeds on insects, spiders and berries. Slow fluttering direct flight on shallow wing beats.


Range and Habitat North America

Eastern Wood-Pewee: Breeds from eastern Great Plains to the Atlantic Ocean, ranging from southern Canada to northern Florida, the Gulf coast and central Texas. Winters in the tropics. Preferred habitats include northern hardwood, pine-oak, oak-hickory, bottomland hardwood, southern pine savannah, and Midwestern forests; also found in orchards, parks, roadsides, and suburban areas.


Range and Habitat Hawaii


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Eastern and Western Wood-Pewees are very difficult to tell apart visually. Their breeding ranges overlap in a very narrow zone in the Great Plains. Despite their similarity, no evidence has been found that the two species interbreed in that area.
  • One potential cause of their decline is the overpopulation of white-tailed deer in the Eastern forests. In areas with high deer density, the intermediate canopy is disturbed by browsing, affecting the foraging space of the flycatcher.
  • Though this bird sings throughout the day, listen for its ballads before dawn's light and well after sunset when this activity peaks.
  • A group of pewees are collectively known as a "dribble" and a "squirt" of pewees.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Eastern Wood-Pewee A1

  • Title: Eastern Wood-Pewee A1
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song is a slurred "pee-ah-wee".
  • Location: AR
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Eastern Wood-Pewee C1

  • Title: Eastern Wood-Pewee C1
  • Recordist: Paul Marvin
  • Description: Call is a shrill "pe-e-e-e-e-e".
  • Location: NC
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Lang Elliott Sound

Eastern Wood-pewee 2

  • Title: Eastern Wood-pewee 2
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Dawn song.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: NY

Eastern Wood-pewee 4

  • Title: Eastern Wood-pewee 4
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: "Purree" calls and song.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: FL

Eastern Wood-pewee 5

  • Title: Eastern Wood-pewee 5
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Interaction calls.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: MI

Voice Text

"pee-ah-wee", "pe-e-e-e-e-e"

Vocalization

Eastern Wood-Pewee: Song is a slurred "pee-ah-wee." Call is a rapid, shrill "pe-e-e-e-e-e", usually made when disturbed at the nest.

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X