Canyon Towhee

Melozone fusca

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

New World Sparrows and Towhees (Passerellida)

Code 4

CANT

Code 6

MEZFUS

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

ask community

Copyright © 2018 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Canyon Towhee is native to the United States and Mexico. The range of this bird is large, covering more than 1.5 million square kilometers. It is believed that the population of the Canyon Towhee could be around 6.5 million individual birds. In the last few years there have been no reasons to believe that the population of the Canyon Towhee is in danger. Consequently, this bird species is currently rated as Least Concern, downgraded from a prior Lower Risk.

VOTE: ILLUSTRATION

Rate this Illustration: Excellent Very Good Good
Fair Below Avg Poor

SUMMARY

Overview

Canyon Towhee: Large sparrow, gray upperparts, pale gray underparts, large central breast spot, and white belly patch. Crown is rust-brown. Tail is long with brown undertail coverts. Legs are pink-brown. Short flights with rapidly beating wing strokes alternating with wings pulled briefly to sides.


Range and Habitat North America

Canyon Towhee: Range in Arizona, New Mexico, West Texas, Colorado and Mexico. Found in a variety of brushy habitats, from grasslands with scattered shrubs, dry chaparal shrublands, and brushy undergrowth in open woodlands. During the winter months or severe, extended droughts they may move into gardens in the cities.


Range and Habitat Hawaii


Range and Habitat Palau

whatbird search for your browser

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Canyon Towhee feeds on insects on the grills of cars and will hide under the cars when disturbed.
  • A group of towhees are collectively known as a "tangle" and a "teapot" of towhees.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Canyon Towhee B1

  • Title: Canyon Towhee B1
  • Recordist: Richard E Webster
  • Description: Chatter calls.
  • Location: AZ

Canyon Towhee B2

  • Title: Canyon Towhee B2
  • Recordist: Richard E Webster
  • Description: Soft song and harsh calls.
  • Location: AZ

Canyon Towhee B3

  • Title: Canyon Towhee B3
  • Recordist: Richard E Webster
  • Description: High-pitched "seet" and harsh calls.
  • Location: AZ

Canyon Towhee C1

  • Title: Canyon Towhee C1
  • Recordist: Paul Marvin
  • Description: Call is a repeated "tship".
  • Location: AZ

Canyon Towhee XX1

  • Title: Canyon Towhee XX1
  • Recordist: Scott Olmstead
  • Description: Song is a fast, repeated "chili-chili-chili".
  • Location: AZ

Lang Elliott Sound

Canyon Towhee 2

  • Title: Canyon Towhee 2
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: A series of six or seven double syllables "chili-chili-chili-chili-chili-chili."
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: AZ

Canyon Towhee 3

  • Title: Canyon Towhee 3
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Squeal duet.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: AZ

Canyon Towhee 4

  • Title: Canyon Towhee 4
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: A thin, penetrating "seep" or "chup" call that keeps mates in contact where they cannot see one another; also used as alarm call.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: AZ

Canyon Towhee 5

  • Title: Canyon Towhee 5
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Light "tic" or "seep" given by adult when human closely approaches nest.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: AZ

Voice Text

"chili, chili, chili, chili"

Vocalization

Canyon Towhee: Song is one or two introductory chips followed up by series of accelerating chips, "chili, chili, chili, chili." Call is a nasal slurred "chud-up."

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X