Acadian Flycatcher

Empidonax virescens

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4

ACFL

Code 6

EMPVIR

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

PHOTOS 1200

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Acadian Flycatcher has a large breeding range of around 939,000 square kilometers. This includes deciduous forests in the eastern United States west to Texas. It winters in tropical forests from Nicaragua south to western Ecuador, and has an estimated breeding population of 4.5 million individuals. Due to a large, stable population, the Acadian Flycatcher has a conservation rating of Least Concern.

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SUMMARY

Overview

Acadian Flycatcher: Small flycatcher with olive-gray upperparts, pale gray throat, distinctive pale yellow eye-ring, white lower breast, and faint yellow wash on belly and undertail coverts. Wings are olive-gray with two buff wing bars. Long broad-based bill with yellow-orange lower mandible. Black legs, feet.


Range and Habitat North America

Acadian Flycatcher: Breeds from southern Minnesota east through southern New England, south to the Gulf Coast and central Florida. Spends winters in the tropics. Preferred habitats include beech, maple, and hemlock forests, usually under the canopy but it may also be found in clearings and wooded ravines.


Range and Habitat Hawaii


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • The 15 species of this family were once all thought to be the same as the first that were discovered in Acadia, or present day Nova Scotia. Differences in range, voice and habit eventually identified them as separate species. Ironically the Acadian Flycatcher was the name given to the southern most species; it doesn’t visit the northeast coast of America.
  • The Acadian Flycatcher is an excellent flier, it is extremely maneuverable, able to hover and can even fly backward.
  • They are a common host to the Brown-headed Cowbird, which lays its eggs in other birds' nests. However only 16% of cowbird young in Acadian Flycatcher nests fledge successfully.
  • A group of flycatchers has many collective nouns, including an "outfield", "swatting", "zapper", and "zipper" of flycatchers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Acadian Flycatcher DD1

  • Title: Acadian Flycatcher DD1
  • Recordist: Jelmer Poelstra
  • Description: Song is a sharp "peet-sah".
  • Location: NY
  • Date: "7/18/2016"

Acadian Flycatcher A1

  • Title: Acadian Flycatcher A1
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Dawn song is a series of "tee-chup" notes.
  • Location: AR
  • Date: "7/18/2016"

Acadian Flycatcher O1

  • Title: Acadian Flycatcher O1
  • Recordist: Nick Athanas
  • Description: Call is a repeated "peet".
  • Location: ec
  • Date: "7/18/2016"

Lang Elliott Sound

Acadian Flycatcher 2

  • Title: Acadian Flycatcher 2
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: "Tee-chup" twilight song.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: FL

Acadian Flycatcher 3

  • Title: Acadian Flycatcher 3
  • Recordist: Lang Elliott
  • Description: Twilight song variation.
  • Date: "April 28, 2014"
  • Location: KY

Voice Text

"peace", "peet"

Vocalization

Acadian Flycatcher: Call is a soft "peace" or "peeet." On breeding grounds, male utters a mechanical "ti,ti,ti,ti" while moving from one perch to another.

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X