Acadian Flycatcher

Empidonax virescens

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4

ACFL

Code 6

EMPVIR

ITIS

Breeding Type:

Monogamous



Egg Color:

Creamy white with sparse brown spots



Number of Eggs:

2 - 4



Incubation Days:

13 - 15



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

3 - 25 feet above ground., In fork of horizontal limb well out from trunk.



Nest Material:

Sticks, grass, dried stems, and bits of bark and cobweb., Lined with grass, hair, and plant down.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Acadian Flycatcher: Small flycatcher with olive-gray upperparts, pale gray throat, distinctive pale yellow eye-ring, white lower breast, and faint yellow wash on belly and undertail coverts. Wings are olive-gray with two buff wing bars. Bill is long and broad-based with yellow-orange lower mandible. Sexes are similar. Juvenile is similar but with olive-brown upperparts.

Range and Habitat

Acadian Flycatcher: Breeds from southern Minnesota east through southern New England, south to the Gulf Coast and central Florida. Spends winters in the tropics. Preferred habitats include beech, maple, and hemlock forests, usually under the canopy but it may also be found in clearings and wooded ravines.

Breeding and Nesting

Acadian Flycatcher: Two to four brown-spotted, creamy white eggs are laid in a sloppy cup nest made of sticks, grass, dried stems, bits of bark, and cobweb. Nest is lined with grass, hair, and plant down, and built on a horizontal limb well out from the trunk. Incubation ranges from 13 to 15 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Acadian Flycatcher: Eats a wide variety of flying insects. Perches in shade on lower to mid-level branches in thick trees to await food, then dashes out to snatch insect in mid-air.

Vocalization

Acadian Flycatcher: Call is a soft "peace" or "peeet." On breeding grounds, male utters a mechanical "ti,ti,ti,ti" while moving from one perch to another.

Similar Species

Acadian Flycatcher: Least Flycatcher has smaller bill, more brown-olive upperparts, gray white underparts, bright white wing-bars and eye-ring, and different voice.

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Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X