Pyrrhuloxia

Cardinalis sinuatus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Cardinals & Piranga Tanagers (Cardinalidae)

Code 4

PYRR

Code 6

CARSIT

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Pyrrhuloxia has a large range, estimated globally at 1,500,000 square kilometers. Native to the United States and Mexico, this bird prefers subtropical or tropical shrubland ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated 7,700,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Pyrrhuloxia is Least Concern.

VOTE: ILLUSTRATION

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SUMMARY

Overview

Pyrrhuloxia: Large cardinal-like finch with conspicuous red-tipped gray crest, gray head, back, upperparts, red-washed face, breast, and pale gray underparts. Dark gray wings with red edges on primaries. Tail is red. Thick yellow bill. Eats insects, larvae, seeds, fruits and berries.


Range and Habitat North America

Pyrrhuloxia: Found in Baja California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, southwestern Kansas, southern Colorado, western Oklahoma, and in woodland edges of northern Mexico. Relatively non-migratory, though it may occasionally stray slightly north of its usual range. Habitation includes thorny thickets, and desert brush especially along stream beds.


Range and Habitat Hawaii


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • It has been occasionally suggested that a more appropriate name would be "Desert Cardinal".
  • Its name comes from Greek terms describing its coloration and the shape of its bill.
  • The Pyrrhuloxia was first described in 1838 by Charles Lucien Bonaparte, French naturalist and ornithologist, and nephew of Emperor Napoleon.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Pyrrhuloxia A1

  • Title: Pyrrhuloxia A1
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: High-pitched, chattering "tic-tic-tic" calls are used for contact and alarm.
  • Location: TX
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Pyrrhuloxia A2

  • Title: Pyrrhuloxia A2
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song is a whistled "quink, what-cheer, what-cheer".
  • Location: TX
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Pyrrhuloxia A3

  • Title: Pyrrhuloxia A3
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Song phrase and chatter calls.
  • Location: TX
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Voice Text

"chewee, chewee, chewee, wheet, wheet, wheet", "plik", "chink."

Vocalization

Pyrrhuloxia: Song is a varied series of rich, loud whistles "chewee, chewee, chewee, wheet, wheet, wheet." Call is a sharp, metallic "plik" or "chink."

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrestX
Tufts of feathers on the head of the bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
PrimariesX
The primaries are the flight feathers specialized for flight. They are attached to the "hand" equivalent part of the wing.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X