White-faced Ibis

Plegadis chihi

Order

CICONIIFORMES

Family

Ibises and Spoonbills (Threskiornithidae)

Code 4

WFIB

Code 6

PLECHI

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The White-faced Ibis is a wading bird that is a member of the Threskiornithidae family. These birds prefer to breed in marshlands in large colonies. The range for this species includes the western United States, Mexico, southeastern Brazil, southeastern Bolivia, central Argentina and the coast of central Chile. In the winter months, northern populations will migrate south, extending from California and Louisiana southward. Nests are built in low bushes or trees found in its natural habitat. Diets typically consist of insects, seeds, berries and nuts. The current conservation rating for the White-faced Ibis is listed as Least Concern.

VOTE: ILLUSTRATION

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SUMMARY

Overview

White-faced Ibis: This medium-sized wading bird is iridescent bronze-brown overall and has a thin band of white feathers around its bare red face, a long, down curved bill, and red eyes, legs and feet. It feeds on invertebrates, frogs and fish. It alternates several shallow rapid wing beats and short glides, and flies in a straight line formation. Sexes are similar.


Range and Habitat North America

White-faced Ibis: Breeds from Oregon sporadically east to Minnesota and south to southeastern New Mexico and Texas, and east to coastal Louisiana. Spends winters from southern California and the Gulf Coast of Texas and Louisiana to El Salvador. Preferred habitats include salt and fresh marshes in the west, and coastal marshes and brushy islands in Louisiana and Texas.


Range and Habitat Hawaii

White-faced Ibis: Breeds from Oregon sporadically east to Minnesota and south to southeastern New Mexico and Texas, and east to coastal Louisiana. Spends winters from southern California and the Gulf Coast of Texas and Louisiana to El Salvador. Vagrant to Hawaii. Preferred habitats include salt and fresh marshes, coastal marshes, and brushy islands.


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • White-faced ibises are declining throughout North America, where continuing threats include draining of wetlands and the widespread use of pesticides.
  • It is thought that the largest white-faced ibis nesting colony in the world can be found in the marshes around the Great Salt Lake in Utah.
  • A group of ibises has many collective nouns, including a "congregation", "stand", and "wedge" of ibises.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

White-faced Ibis A1

  • Title: White-faced Ibis A1
  • Recordist: Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Calls from a trio of birds as they take flight from a marsh.
  • Location: CO
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

White-faced Ibis C1

  • Title: White-faced Ibis C1
  • Recordist: Paul Marvin
  • Description: Call is a nasal "oink" or "quack"; often given while feeding.
  • Location: TX
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Voice Text

"Oink", "graa-graa-graa"

Vocalization

White-faced Ibis: While feeding, emits a multi-syllable "oink." Also makes a low-pitched "graa-graa-graa."

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Santiago Cornejo

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FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X