Yellow-eyed Junco

Junco phaeonotus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

New-World-Sparrows-andTowhees-(Passerellidae)

Code 4

YEJU

Code 6

JUNPHA

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Yellow-eyed Junco has a large range reaching up to around 470,000 square kilometers. This bird can be found in Guatemala, Mexico and the United States. Its preferred terrain are subtropical and tropical forests, shrublands and grasslands. The global population of this bird is estimated to be around five to fifty million individual birds. Currently, it is not believed that the population trends for this species will soon approach the minimum levels that could suggest a potential decline in population. Due to this, population trends for the Yellow-eyed Junco have a present evaluation level of Least Concern.

VOTE: ILLUSTRATION

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SUMMARY

Overview

Yellow-eyed Junco: Medium-sized sparrow with rufous back and upperwings, pale gray rump and head, and pale gray underparts; belly is white; tail is dark gray with white outer tail feathers; bright yellow eyes contrast with faint mask; bill has black upper mandible and pink lower mandible. Sexes are similar. Juvenile is heavily-streaked overall with rufous upperparts, gray head and underparts, and brown eye. Subspecies vary in plumage tones across range. Flight is short and straight with rapid wing beats. Employs multiple foraging techniques to capture insects, harvest seeds, and drink sap.


Range and Habitat North America

Yellow-eyed Junco: Range is primarily in Mexico, extending into some of the mountains of the southern tips of the United States of Arizona and New Mexico. Not generally migratory, but sometimes moves to nearby lower elevations during winter. Preferred habitats include coniferous forests and pine-oak woods.


Range and Habitat Hawaii


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Yellow-eyed Junco was first described in 1831 by Johann Georg Wagler, a German herpetologist.
  • It is the only North American junco with yellow eyes.
  • They are locally abundant, sedentary, and philopatric, and they adapt well to captivity. These traits make this an exceptional species for behavioral studies.
  • A group of sparrows has many collective nouns, including a "crew", "flutter", "meinie", "quarrel", and "ubiquity" of sparrows.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Yellow-eyed Junco C1

  • Title: Yellow-eyed Junco C1
  • Recordist: Paul Marvin
  • Description: Song is a "chip, wheedle, wheedle, che-che-che".
  • Location: AZ
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Yellow-eyed Junco C2

  • Title: Yellow-eyed Junco C2
  • Recordist: Paul Marvin
  • Description: Call is a repeated "chip".
  • Location: AZ
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Yellow-eyed Junco C3

  • Title: Yellow-eyed Junco C3
  • Recordist: Paul Marvin
  • Description: High-pitched begging calls from a juvenile.
  • Location: AZ
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Yellow-eyed Junco C4

  • Title: Yellow-eyed Junco C4
  • Recordist: Paul Marvin
  • Description: Song and calls given in flight.
  • Location: AZ
  • Date: "07/19/2016"

Voice Text

"weedle-weedle-weedle", "che-che-che-che-wee", "tseek"

Vocalization

Yellow-eyed Junco: Song is a series of chips, trills, and buzzes, "weedle-weedle-weedle", "che-che-che-che-wee", often up-slurred at the end. Has a smacking call of "tseek."

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Chris Vest

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Upper mandibleX
The upper part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X