Glossy Ibis

Plegadis falcinellus

Order

CICONIIFORMES

Family

Ibises and Spoonbills (Threskiornithidae)

Code 4

GLIB

Code 6

PLEFAL

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Glossy Ibis is considered to be a Least Concern. The previous rating for the Glossy Ibis in 2000 was Lower Risk. Today the range of this bird species is several million square kilometers. The population of this bird species is estimated to be in excess of 3 million. This bird is native to a good portion of the world and visits many other portions as well. Due to its large size and the breadth of its range, there are not believed to be any immediate threats to the Glossy Ibis.

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SUMMARY

Overview

Glossy Ibis: Medium wading bird, iridescent bronze and red-brown overall with thin band of white feathers around bare dark blue face and long, down curved, gray bill. Eyes are dark, legs are yellow-gray. Alternates several shallow rapid wing beats and short glides. Flies in straight line formation.


Range and Habitat North America

Glossy Ibis: Most common in marshes and wetlands along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts; occasionally wanders inland. Scattered populations occur in and around the Caribbean Basin on the Yucatan Peninsula and northern Venezuela; also widespread in Eurasia, Southeast Asia, Pacific Islands, Africa, and Australia.


Range and Habitat Hawaii


Range and Habitat Palau

Glossy Ibis: Found in scattered locations across southern Europe, Africa, central and southeast Asia, India, Australia, the Caribbean, Venezuela, the eastern coastline of the United States, and Central America. Northern populations are migratory. Rare migrant to Palau. Habitats include swamps, sewage ponds, shallow lakes, rice fields, wet meadows, and rivers.

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • American populations of the GlossyIbis are thought to have come from Africa in the 19th Century and have spread northward via the Caribbean.
  • Once an uncommon bird in its U.S. range, it is steadily increasing in numbers and span.
  • Unlike herons, ibises fly with their necks stretched out.
  • A group of ibises has many collective nouns, including a "congregation", "stand", and "wedge" of ibises.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Glossy Ibis A1

  • Title: Glossy Ibis A1
  • Recordist: Xeno-Canto, Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Begging calls from nestlings.
  • Location: FL
  • Date: "Aug 1, 2014"

Glossy Ibis A2

  • Title: Glossy Ibis A2
  • Recordist: Xeno-Canto, Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Calls from a trio in flight.
  • Location: FL
  • Date: "Aug 1, 2014"

Glossy Ibis A3

  • Title: Glossy Ibis A3
  • Recordist: Xeno-Canto, Andrew Spencer
  • Description: Hoarse calls as a bird flushes.
  • Location: FL
  • Date: "Aug 1, 2014"

Voice Text

"graa-graa-graa", "chhheee-eee-eeerr"

Vocalization

Glossy Ibis: Flight calls are low grunts such as as "graa..graa..graa" or "uhrr..uhrr..uhrr". At breeding sites, individuals also emit grunts, coos, rattles, and croaks.

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

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FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X