Hawaii Akepa

Loxops coccineus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

AKEP

Code 6

LOXCOC

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Endangered

The Hawaii Akepa is a small Hawaiian Honeycreeper endemic to the islands of Hawaii, Maui, and Oahu. They occur in wet montane forests at elevations of 1,100 meters to 2,100 meters. The Maui and Oahu subspecies are extinct and the subspecies on Hawaii occur in the Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge and the Kau region. The Hawaii Akepa forages for caterpillars and small invertebrates in the buds of ohia-lehua trees and in the bark of koa trees. The population is believed to number around 9,000 individuals and is threatened by avian diseases, degradation of old growth forest and introduced species. The Hawaii Akepa has been given a conservation rating of Endangered.

VOTE: ILLUSTRATION

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SUMMARY

Overview

Hawaii Akepa: This is a small songbird with black wings and tail. The rest of the plumage of the male is orange-red, and that of the female is olive with gray on the front and back. It has a narrow, conical bill with slightly crossed or offset mandibles. It feeds on insects and spiders, though its diet consists mainly of caterpillars. It has an undulating flight. Name was changed from Akepa to Hawaii Akepa in 2015 by the American Ornithologist Union.


Range and Habitat North America


Range and Habitat Hawaii

Hawaii Akepa: This species is an endemic resident in wet forests with Koa and Ohia-lehua trees above 3,600 feet in elevation on the island of Hawaii. Despite a relatively robust population on Hawaii, the first nest was discovered only in 1974, and almost nothing was known of the life history of the Hawaii Akepa until the late 1980s.


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • A group of honeycreepers are collectively known as a "hive" of honeycreepers.
  • Hawaii Akepas were once found on the Hawaiian Islands of Maui, Oahu, and Hawaii, with a different subspecies inhabiting each island. The Oahu subspecies is believed to be extinct, and the Maui subspecies is either extinct or extremely rare.
  • It has an unusual bill, with the lower mandible being bent to one side. It uses its bill to pry open leaf and flower buds as it searches for insects.
  • It is an obligate cavity nester, using only existing cavities found in large Koa or Ohia trees. Logging of old, mature trees reduces possible nesting sites and decreases foraging habitat.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

David Kuhn Sound

Hawaii Akepa D6

  • Title: Hawaii Akepa D6
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Whisper song consists of short notes and may mimic other species.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "6/16/2014"

Hawaii Akepa D1

  • Title: Hawaii Akepa D1
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Whistled 2-3 syllable "kee-ah-wee",
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Hawaii Akepa D3

  • Title: Hawaii Akepa D3
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Juvenile call is a downslurred "zeer", also adult calls.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Hawaii Akepa D4

  • Title: Hawaii Akepa D4
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Song is a repeated descending trill.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Similar Sounding Hawaii David Kuhn

Hawaii Creeper 4

  • Title: Hawaii Creeper 4
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Song is a descending trill.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "6/16/2014"

Voice Text

"Twinka, twinka, twinka, twinka, twink"

Vocalization

Hawaii Akepa: Call is a short warbled "teedle-ee-dee" or "teedleee", or a short up slurred "sweet" occasionally given in a rapid series if they are alarmed. Advertising song is a trill that varies in cadence or pitch. Whisper song is complex and long consisting of warbles, trills and chirps.

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

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Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X