Hawaii Creeper

Loxops mana

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

HCRE

Code 6

OREMAN

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Endangered

The Hawaii Creeper is a small Hawaiian Honeycreeper endemic to the island of Hawaii. It forages for small creatures on the limbs and trunks of koa and ohia trees in wet forests found between 3,000 and 7,000 feet. The entire population of this species is believed to be around 12,000 individuals and is in decline due to depredation by rats, avian diseases and habitat degradation by introduced species. The Hawaii Creeper has been given a conservation status of Endangered by the IUCN.

VOTE: ILLUSTRATION

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SUMMARY

Overview

Hawaiian Creeper: This small songbird has olive-green upperparts and black-gray on the lores and around the eyes. It is gray on the throat, and the rest of the underparts are green-yellow. It has a buff-gray, conical bill with slightly decurved tip. It uses its short, sharp beak to probe bark for insects residing underneath. They have a direct undulating flight. Sexes are similar.


Range and Habitat North America


Range and Habitat Hawaii

Hawaii Creeper: This species is endemic to the island of Hawaii. Its preferred habitats include native, wet, and ungrazed forests between 3,000 feet and 7,000 feet. It may also occur in dry and montane moist forests that occur at similar elevations. The birds occur in three distinct populations on the island.


Range and Habitat Palau

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INTERESTING FACTS

  • A group of honeycreepers are collectively known as a "hive" of honeycreepers.
  • DNA studies have indicated that all of the Hawaiian Honeycreepers probably descended from an ancestor of the House Finch and other rosefinch (Carpodacus) species 7.2 to 5.8 million years ago.
  • The Hawaii Creeper used to be a common, widespread bird species on the island of Hawaii but is presently endangered.
  • This Hawaii Creeper fills a niche similar to that of the Brown Creeper, a bird species that does not occur in the Hawaiian Islands.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

David Kuhn Sound

Hawaii Creeper 1

  • Title: Hawaii Creeper 1
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Call is an upslurred "wheet".
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "6/16/2014"

Hawaii Creeper D2

  • Title: Hawaii Creeper D2
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Juvenile begging call is a repeated "dee-dee-dee".
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Hawaii Creeper D3

  • Title: Hawaii Creeper D3
  • Recordist: David Kuhn
  • Description: Song is a repeated descending trill.
  • Location: HI
  • Date: "November 19, 2014"

Voice Text

"Tatatatatatata!"

Vocalization

Hawaii Creeper: Song is descending, rattling trill. Call a quiet "sweet". Whisper song includes short notes, song fragments, and mimicry of other birds, including the Elepaio. Juveniles emit a series of "whit-whit, whi-whi-whit, whit-whit" notes.

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X