Common Teal

Anas crecca




Ducks, Geese and Swans (Anatidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Breeding Type:

Monogamous, Colonial

Egg Color:

Creamy white, light olive or buff.

Number of Eggs:

6 - 18

Incubation Days:

20 - 24

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

On ground, near water.

Nest Material:

Grass, twigs, feathers, and leaves.





Common Teal: Small dabbling duck with pale, gray barred sides and buff spotted breast. Lacks the bold white vertical strip on side that the Green-winged Teal has. Head is chestnut-brown with green ear patch. Bill is dark gray and legs and feet are olive-gray to gray-brown. Speculum is flashy green bordered with brown above and white below. Female is mottled brown with dark brown eye-line. Juvenile resembles female but has spots on the belly and lacks buff markings on uppertail coverts. Eclipse male resembles female but may have dull, yellow-green legs.

Breeding and Nesting

Common Teal: These teals usually arrive at the breeding grounds with pair bonds formed. Six to eighteen creamy white, light olive or buff eggs are laid in a down-lined ground depression filled with grasses, twigs and leaves, located in meadows, open woodlands or brush, often several hundred yards from water. Incubation ranges from 20 to 24 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Common Teal: These teals have a broad diet including the seeds of sedges, grasses and aquatic vegetation, aquatic insects and larvae, mollusks and crustaceans. They are opportunistic foragers, feeding on animals or plants in high abundance. Typically they feed in shallow water, near shorelines and on mudflats.


Common Teal: Male emits melodious whistling, described as "prip-prip" or "KRICK-et" as well as burp calls. Females produce shorter, harsh "quack" calls.

The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
Ear patchX
Consists of soft, loose-webbed feathers on the side of the bird's head below and behind the eyes.
The brightly colored area on the wing (secondaries of the wing) on several duck species.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X