Acadian Flycatcher

Empidonax virescens




Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Breeding Type:


Egg Color:

Creamy white with sparse brown spots

Number of Eggs:

2 - 4

Incubation Days:

13 - 15

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

3 - 25 feet above ground., In fork of horizontal limb well out from trunk.

Nest Material:

Sticks, grass, dried stems, and bits of bark and cobweb., Lined with grass, hair, and plant down.





Acadian Flycatcher: Small flycatcher with olive-gray upperparts, pale gray throat, distinctive pale yellow eye-ring, white lower breast, and faint yellow wash on belly and undertail coverts; wings are olive-gray with two buff wing bars; bill is long and broad-based with yellow-orange lower mandible; legs and feet are black. Sexes are similar. Juvenile is similar but with olive-brown upperparts and darker wing bars. Fluttering flight on rapid wing beats, very agile. Gleans insects from foliage in-flight, primarily insects but also spiders.

Range and Habitat

Acadian Flycatcher: Breeds from southern Minnesota east through southern New England, south to the Gulf Coast and central Florida. Spends winters in the tropics. Preferred habitats include beech, maple, and hemlock forests, usually under the canopy but it may also be found in clearings and wooded ravines.

Breeding and Nesting

Acadian Flycatcher: Two to four brown-spotted, creamy white eggs are laid in a sloppy cup nest made of sticks, grass, dried stems, bits of bark, and cobweb. Nest is lined with grass, hair, and plant down, and built on a horizontal limb well out from the trunk. Incubation ranges from 13 to 15 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Acadian Flycatcher: Eats a wide variety of flying insects. Perches in shade on lower to mid-level branches in thick trees to await food, then dashes out to snatch insect in mid-air.


Acadian Flycatcher: Call is a soft "peace" or "peeet." On breeding grounds, male utters a mechanical "ti,ti,ti,ti" while moving from one perch to another.

Similar Species

Acadian Flycatcher: Least Flycatcher has smaller bill, bright white wing-bars and eye ring, more brown-olive upperparts, and gray-white underparts, and different voice.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X