Xantus's Hummingbird

Basilinna xantusii

Order

APODIFORMES

Family

Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Code 4

XAHU

Code 6

BASXAN

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

ask community

Copyright © 2021 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Xantus's Hummingbird has a limited range reaching up to generally 42,000 square kilometers. This bird can be found in Mexico and the United States, and with a vagrant population in Canada. This species appears in forests and shrublands as well as arable regions, and can be found in both tropicl and subtropical environments.The global population of this species has not been quantified, but it is referred to as “frequent” in portions of its range. Due to this, population trends for the Xantus's Hummingbird have a present evaluation level of Least Concern.

VOTE: ILLUSTRATION

Rate this Illustration: Excellent Very Good Good
Fair Below Avg Poor

SUMMARY

Overview

Xantus's Hummingbird: Small hummingbird with glittering green upperparts, head, throat, and breast, black face with distinct white stripe behind eye, and cinnamon-brown belly; squared tail is rufous. Female is duller, has a white-bordered black mask, and buff throat. Juvenile male resembles female but has some green on the throat. Direct and hovering flight with very rapid wing beats. Feeds on nectar and insects. In 2020, the American Ornithological Society moved the Xantus's Hummingbird into the resurrected genus Basilinna as part of a major reorganization of the Trochilidae family.


Range and Habitat North America

Xantus's Hummingbird: Rare to accidental in southern half of the peninsula of Baja California. Normally found in Mexico (Purissima south to San Jose del Cabo). Has been documented in southern California and British Columbia. Preferred habitats include arid to semiarid scrub, open brushy forests, and gardens.


Range and Habitat Hawaii


Range and Habitat Palau

whatbird search for your browser

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Xantus's Hummingbird was named after John Xantus de Vesey, a Hungarian zoologist.
  • It has been recorded as a vagrant up the Pacific coast of North America to British Columbia in Canada.
  • A group of hummingbirds has many collective nouns, including a “bouquet", "glittering", "hover", "shimmer", and "tune” of hummingbirds.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION



SONGS AND CALLS

Xeno-Canto Sound

Xantus's Hummingbird B1

  • Title: Xantus's Hummingbird B1
  • Recordist: Xeno-Canto, Richard Webster
  • Description: "Chi-tiik" calls given in flight.
  • Location: mx
  • Date: "Aug 1, 2014"

Xantus's Hummingbird B2

  • Title: Xantus's Hummingbird B2
  • Recordist: Xeno-Canto, Richard Webster
  • Description: "Turrr, turrr" calls given by a female in flight.
  • Location: mx
  • Date: "Aug 1, 2014"

Voice Text

"tink, tink, tink", "chi-tiik"

Vocalization

Xantus's Hummingbird: Song is a low clear "tink, tink, tink", resembling a small bell. The call is "chi-tiik."

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Chris Vest

.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

GorgetX
A small iridescent patch on the throat of a hummingbird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X